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I.V. DUDINSKY. Communist and Workers' Parties on the Economic Problems of Developed Socialism
Proceeding from his analysis of a wealth of documentary materials furnished by congresses of the ruling parties of most of the CMEA countries, the author makes an attempt to bring out the most characteristic features of developed, mature or full socialism, highlighting a complex of factors operating in the economic, political and cultural life of these countries, which determined their transition to the new stage of development. The article draws the Conclusion about the closest proximity of the tasks they have to cope with in the process of building a developed socialist society to the objectives set by the CPSU before the working people of the Soviet Union, where the task of building a developed socialist society has already been accomplished and where the material and technical foundations of communism are now being laid. This provides added confirmation of the decisive role played by the general laws governing the process of building the new social system.
The author makes a point of stressing that inasmuch as in the period of developed socialism production is increasingly subordinated to the all-important task of satisfying the constantly growing requirements of the working people, utmost enhancement of the efficiency of social production on the basis of its intensification, acceleration of technological progress in all branches of the national economy and continuous improvement of the system of planning and economic management acquires cardinal economic significance. The author comes to the conclusion that the establishment of a developed socialist society will apparently require a whole historical stage marked by the gradual ripening of the material and spiritual prerequisites of communist society, in the course of which the advantages of the new social system as a system of the immediate producers freed from exploitation and associated not merely within the framework of individual countries but on an international scale will manifest themselves most fully and convincingly.
V.I. POGUDIN. Socialist Reorganization of Agriculture in the National Republics of the U.S.S.R. as Reflected in Soviet Historiography
A comprehensive study of the peculiar forms, methods and conditions of socialist construction in the rural areas of the Soviet national districts has been carried out in recent years in all the Union and Autonomous Republics of the U.S.S.R. The author makes an attempt to analyze how these peculiarities are reflected in historical literature and to single out a number of problems to which Soviet researchers should devote paramount attention. The author stresses that research in the specific features attending the process of socialist construction in the Soviet national republics acquires particular importance in the light of the decisions adopted by the 24th CPSU Congress which accentuated the need of skilfully combining the general and the specific in the process of social development. The article draws the attention of Soviet historians to the need of creating fundamental works generalizing the multiform experience accumulated in the sphere of reorganizing Soviet agriculture along socialist lines.
M.G. SEDOV. Certain Problems Relating to the History of Blanquism in Russia (P. N. Tkachov's revolutionary doctrine)
The article sheds light on the Russian variety of Blanquism as a distinct trend of social thought and revolutionary struggle in Russia in the period following the abolition of serfdom. Painting a vivid portrait of P. N. Tkachov as the principal exponent of this trend, the author focusses attention on a critical analysis of his political views. Along with other representatives of the Jacobin-Blanquist trend in Russia, P. N. Tkachov and his doctrine are examined in the article within the framework of the movement of revolutionary Narod-niks (Populists).
A.G. KUZMIN. Historical Traditions and Ideological Trends in Ancient Rus (11th Century)
The article examines the question of different ideological and political trends in 11th- century Russia and their reflection in the historical annals of ancient Rus. The author arrives at the conclusion that 11th-century Russia manifested strong tendencies towards establishing and maintaining close political and cultural contacts with the Western countries (especially with the Slav states) within the sphere of influence of the Catholic Church. The main centre of this distinctive tradition in the cultural and ideological life of ancient Rus was the Assumption Church in Kiev, where a number of historical works upholding the idea of the indivisible church made their appearance in the 1070's - 1080's. Only in the 12th century did the followers of the Byzantine Church orientation gain the upper hand. But even at that time many works departing from the orthodox treatment of questions pertaining to church policy were still preserved in Russia's southwestern provinces.
N.A. SIMONIA. The Historical Process of the "Awakening of Asia"
The article analyzes the problem of the "awakening of Asia" put forward by V. I. Lenin, examining the chronological boundaries and content of this historical process. The author discloses the dialectically contradictory influence exerted by colonialism on the social, economic and political development of the Eastern countries and traces the emergence of the new social forces which assumed leadership of the struggle for national liberation. The author's searching analysis brings him to the conclusion that the roots of many phenomena observed in the pre.senbday national-liberation movement should be sought in the historical process of the "awakening of Asia."
B.B. KROSS. The Main Reasons of Rumania's Withdrawal from the Triple Alliance on the Eve of the First World War
Analyzing the causes that prompted Rumania to withdraw from the Triple Alliance on the eve of the first world war, the author comes to the conclusion that the deterioration of Rumania's relations with Austro-Hungary due to the latter's position at the time of the Balkan wars and the aggravation of the Transylvanian question were not the factors that determined the country's orientation in the sphere of foreign policy. Pointing out that at the beginning of this century Rumania was an underdeveloped country economically and financially dependent on foreign capital, the author sees the chief cause of her withdrawal from the Triple Alliance in the development of national capitalism and the sharpening of its contradictions with Austro-German capital predominating in Rumania. In its struggle against the latter the national bourgeoisie tried to rely on the Entente powers which had strengthened their economic and financial positions in Rumania on the eve of World War I.
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