K. I. ZARODOV. The Lessons of the Great October Socialist Revolution and Safeguarding of Revolutionary Gains.
The article discusses the lessons of the Great October Socialist Revolution from the point of view of the irreversibility and safeguarding of the revolutionary gains, and the prevention of restoration of the old social order.
E. G. GIMPELSON. The Role of the Working Class in Running Soviet State (November 1917 - 1920).
Upon winning state power m October 1917 the proletariat of Russia became a ruling class. Workers' leading role in newly established Soviet state organs did not depend on their numerical strength. Specialists in various fields were employed in institutions where knowledge and experience were required. The whole administrative system, directed by the Communist Party, the vanguard of the working class, was proletarian in aim and functions. It put into practice the programme of the Party, the working class, a programme for upholding the gains of the revolution and building of socialism. The participation of an ever greater number of workers in government bodies created a "proletarian climate" that helped combat bureaucracy. The proletarian core, therefore, had to be strengthened. The article shows how the working class, by advancing from its midst leading cadres, and enlisting experts trained under the old, bourgeois system, successfully coped with the tasks of running the Soviet country.
V. A. ALEXANDROV. Russian Research in Common Law at the Turn of the Century.
The article is historiographic survey of the main trends in the Russian history of law and ethnography at the turn of the century, with emphasis on common law, which regulated the life of the Russian peasant community in all its aspects (economic, social and family relations). The author discusses different approaches by the official historians of law, the Narodnik trend in ethnography and specialists in the civil law, to the study of common law and its relation to state law. This has important historical relevance, since common-law norms, which regulated economic and social relations in the Russian village, and were used by the peasants in their struggle for economic and social rights, are one of the main sources on the history of the peasantry in the feudal period and after 1861 reform.
M. E. POZOLOTIN. On the Road of Social Progress.
Bulgaria has gone a very long way on the road of social progress since its liberation from monarchist and fascist oppression 37 years ago. Its people can look back on great achievements in building a developed socialist society, perfecting the political system, shaping the socialist way of life, raising the country's economic potential, the cultural and material level of its people. The author concludes that these achievements are due to the creative application of the general regularities of the socialist revolution, discovered by Lenin, and of Soviet experience. Much attention is paid to friendship between our two countries and the role of the USSR in the construction oi the material and technical basis of socialism in Bulgaria.
I. I. ZHIGALOV. British Public Opinion on Deployment of the US Neutron Weapon and Cruise Missiles.
The article analyses the development of the British-antiwar movement in 1978 - 1981, especially against the deployment of the US neutron weapon and cruise missiles. The author shows the factors behind the anti-missile movement, its character, specifics, the emergence of new anti-war organisations, new forms and methods of struggle, and against this background, the positions and activity of. major political parties, trade unions and influential social organisations. The conclusion he draws from his analysis is that the struggle against nuclear weapons is again in the forefront of British political life, and that the anti-war movement is gaining momentum and mass support.
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