Academician I. I. MINTS. The International Significance of the 25th CPSU Congress
The article highlights the vast international significance of the 25th CPSU Congress, which became a notable event not only in the history of our country but in the history of the whole of mankind. The author analyzes the successes and achievements of the Soviet Union and the other countries of the socialist community, which were so vividly demonstrated at the Congress. "Herein lies the main international significance of the Congress," the author writes in conclusion.
V. V. GARMIZA. The Directory and Admiral Kolchak
The article examines a very brief period (October-November 1918) marked by the agony and collapse of the "democratic" counter-revolution, which was of no little importance in the history of the Civil War in Russia. It was connected with the existence of an "all-Russian government," or the Directory, elected at a conference in Ufa. The author traces the origin, composition and class orientation of the Directory, describing its policy, defining its place in the history of the Civil War and analyzing the circumstances attending the establishment of Kolchak's military-monarchist dictatorship. Taking the experience of the Directory as an example, the article convincingly proves the utter insolvency of the attempts made by the petty-bourgeois parties to find a "third path" in the revolution.
A. M. ANDREYEV. The Struggle of the Soviets Against Counter-Revolution on the
Eve of the October Revolution
In 1917 the Russian bourgeoisie repeatedly tried, with the backing of the imperialists from other countries, to carry out a coup d'etat and institute a regime of military dictatorship. The conspiracies were inspired and organized by the bourgeois parties of Constitutional-Democrats and Octobrists, the Provisional Government and top-ranking reactionary generals and officers. The counter-revolutionaries set themselves the task of liquidating the Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies and wiping out democratic organizations in the army and navy. These sinister designs were resolutely counteracted by the vast majority of workers and soldiers led by the Bolshevik Party. The Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies waged an uncompromising struggle against the counterrevolutionary forces.
N. A. IVANOVA, V. V. SHELOKHAYEV. The AII-Russian Postal and Telegraph Workers'
Strike in November 1905
The authors show the place occupied by postal and telegraph employees in the social structure of capitalist Russia, illustrating their position as well as the forms and methods of their struggle against the autocracy, for their political and social emancipation. The attention in the article is focussed on the efforts made by the Russian proletariat and the Bolshevik Party to win over the workers of the postal and telegraph services to the side of the revolution, on the progress and outcome of the all- Russian postal and telegraph workers' strike in November 1905.
I. M. RAPOPORT. The New Stage of Soviet-French Relations and International Detente
The article analyzes the development of Soviet-French relations after the signing by the two countries of the Joint Declaration of June 30, 1966. The author traces the consistent policy of the U.S.S.R. and the other socialist countries aimed at bringing about a relaxation of international tension in general and developing broader cooperation with France in particular. The article describes the gradual process of evolving and strengthening the mechanism of diversitied Soviet-French contacts. The author stresses the significance of cooperation between the U.S.S.R. and France for promoting international detente and for extending the Leninist principles of peaceful co-existence to the entire system of present-day international relations.
B. D. KOZENKO. New Conceptions of the "Progressive Era" in American Bourgeois Historiography
The article examines the attempts made by contemporary American historians belonging to different schools and trends to revise the liberal-reformist conception and to give new definitions and appraisals of the "progressive era" in the history of the U.S.A. (1894 - 1914) with the aim of "expunging" from it social conflicts, nullifying the role of the popular masses, and extolling state-monopoly capitalism by presenting it as the end result of "progressism." The author graphically shows that these attempts completely ignore the complexity and contradictory character of the given period, underestimate the role of objective factors, manifest a subjective idealist approach and distort the real content and significance of historical events.
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