F. D. RYZHENKO. The Rise and Development of CPSU Foreign Policy
Examining the CPSU activity in tire sphere of foreign policy over the 70-year period of the existence of Lenin?s Party, the author divides it into three major historical stages. In the first stage (1903 - 1917) the Party under V. I. Lenin?s leadership worked out its foreign policy programme in the conditions of struggle against the tsarist autocrasy and capitalism, for the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The second stage embraces the period 1917 - 1945, when the CPSU became the ruling party of the world?s first socialist state. The third stage set in after the end of the second world war and is characterized by the formation of the socialist world system, the breakdown of the colonial system of imperialism and the new powerful upsurge of the working-class and communist movement throughout the world. Analyzing the foreign policy of the CPSU, the author emphasizes its strictly scientific character, internationalism, democratism and consistent striving for peace. Particular attention is devoted in the article to the Peace Programme adopted by the 24th Congress of the CPSU, which accords with the interests of all nations, and to the indefatigable efforts of the Party and the Soviet government to implement it.
M. I. STIHOV, D. S. TOCHENY, Disintegration of the Socialist- Revolutionary and Menshevik Party Organizations in the Volga Provinces
The article closely analyzes the causes chiefly responsible for the fiasco suffered by the Socialist-Revolutionaries and the Mensheviks in 1917 - 1918 in the very part of Russia on which they pinned their hopes and which they regarded as their mainstay in the struggle against the Bolsheviks and Soviet power. The numerous documentary materials cited by the authors characterize the process of disintegration of the Socialist-Revolutionary and Menshevik organizations in the Volga provinces and the mass withdrawal of rank-and-file members from the opportunist parties as a result of the counter-revolutionary policy pursued by their leaders.
Y. A. PISAREV. Soviet-Serbian Relations in the Period of the Brest-Litovsk Peace and the Problem of the Southern Slavs
Drawing on Yugoslav archive materials, the author examines the activity of the Serbian diplomatic mission in Soviet Russia, characterizes the attitude of Serbia?s ruling element towards Soviet Russia and illustrates the history of Soviet-Serbian relations at the close of 1917 and the beginning of 1918.
The article convincingly shows that the Soviet government did everything in its power to retain Russia?s traditional good-neighbour relations with Serbia.
V. A. ALEXANDROV. The Specific Features of the Feudal Regime in Siberia in the 17th Century
Drawing on archive materials, the author of the article traces the specific features of the system of state feudalism in Siberia. The author comes to the conclusion that the peculiarities of this system were determined by the existence, side by side with state- established norms, of common-law norms fixing the size of landholdings, .by the prevalence of state-imposed corvee combined with the right exercised by Siberian peasants to hire out their draught animals partially or fully to the new settlers or neighbours along with their dwellings, farm structures livestock and cultivable land; factually exercised in the first halt of the 17th century, this right was officially recognized and? legislatively consolidated in the second half of that same century. On hiring out his draught animals, the peasant had the right to change his place of residence in Siberia. The gradual establishment of this order was attributable to the systems of land tenure, the permanent
influx of resettlers from the European part of the country in an attempt to escape feudal oppression, frequent migrations of the population inside Siberia and the interest shown by the government in the development of Siberian lands so as to make them fit for cultivation.
V. N. AVTOKRATOV. The General Theory of Archive-Keeping
The author makes a point of stressing that archive-keeping is an applied historical subject which, howerer, has its own theoretical foundation whose significance is steadily increasing in our time. The article makes an attempt to single out and characterize the general concepts and principles of archive-keeping. In this connection the author analyzes the sum substance of the "fund" and "fund-formation" categories, the "rund information potential" and "information compatibility" concepts, the principles of the origin and indivisibility of the fund, etc. The author comes out in favour of developing art historical approach to the theory of archive-keeping and is resolutely opposed to all attempts at giving a subjective treatment to certain archive- keeping concepts.
G. F. KIM, P. M. SHASTITKO. Certain Problems of Contemporary National- Liberation Revolutions in Asia and Africa
The authors characterize the postwar rice of the national-liberation movement in Afro-Asian countries as the world-wide anti-colonial national-liberation revolution and formulate its basic features, devoting particular attention to defining the role of this revolution in the world-wide liberation process, determining the place occupied by individual classes in the revolutionary changes unfolding in the East, the peculiarities of the alignment of class forces at the different stages of the national- liberation movement, the possibility of achieving close unity of the anti-imperialist forces and the most effective forms of forging such unity,
N. A. ROZANTSEVA. France and the Founding of the United Nations Organization
The article shows the role played by Fighting France in paving the way for the establishment of the United Nations Organization. The author emphasizes the consistent character of the efforts made by the Soviet government to give France a worthy place in solving the complex problems of universal and European security, as well as the part played by the Soviet Union in securing the international recognition of Fighting France as a great power.
The article also describes the activity carried on by the French delegation in the various committees of the San Francisco Conference in 1945, showing the contribution made by France to the elaboration of the fmal text of the United Nations Charter.
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