ORIENTALISM AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TARTU IN THE XX CENTURY
Scientific life. RESEARCH CENTERS, LIBRARIES, AND ARCHIVES Teaching of Oriental languages began at the Academia Gustaviana in 1632. The staff list included the position of Professor of Hebrew and other Oriental Languages1 . Since that time, the University of Tartu has been teaching, with some interruptions, Oriental languages, as well as Oriental history as a separate subject or as part of a general course. The teaching of Oriental history was widely developed in the 19th century at the Academia Gustaviana (1893 - 1919-Yuriev University). The range of subjects taught was significantly expanded: Biblical archaeology 2, history of Ancient Orient 3, special courses on Turkish history 4 . Special attention was paid to Oriental languages in the second half of the 19th century, when, along with Semitic languages, the Faculty of Theology began teaching several Oriental languages at the Faculty of History and Philology .5 In the 19th century, the teaching and study of Oriental languages at the University of Tartu was centered around four main language groups: Semitic, Indo-European, Ural-Altaic, and Far Eastern languages. D. Kudryavsky (1867-1920), who was elected Extraordinary Professor of German and Comparative Linguistics in 1898, made a significant contribution to the development of orientalism at the University of Tartu .6 His main contribution to orientalism is the Sanskrit language course, which he taught almost continuously from the fall semester of 1899 to the spring semester of 1918.7 and wrote several books on the subject .8 theologians A. M. Karl von Bulmering (1868-1938) and Otto Emil Sezemann (1866-1945), as well as other lecturers at the University of Tartu, addressed orientalism in their lectures .9 An integral part of studying Oriental history at the university was the history of the Ancient Orient10 . From the first semester of 1922, Professor A. Pridik (1864-1936) taught a course on the history and culture of the Ancient Orient11 . From 1892 to 1904, he ... Read more
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