S. L. SENIAVSKY. The Social Progress of Soviet Society in the Conditions of Developed Socialism
The article analyzes the social progress of Soviet society in the condition? of developed socialism in two principal directions: further improvement of the social structure of Soviet society and the rising material and cultural standards of the working people. The growing rapprochement between classes and social strata, the gradual elimination of essential distinctions between town and country, between physical and mental labour, the shaping of social homoge.neity, the development of the socialist social relations into social relations of the communist type are viewed by the author as the most important objective laws governing the improvement of the social structure of developed socialism. The article also traces the interaction of the scientific and technological revolution, the rising cultural and technical level of the working people, particularly the working class, showing the connection of these processes with the rising material and cultural standards of the Soviet people.
V. A. KITAYEV. The Slavophils in the Early Post-Reform Period
The article examines the socio-political position of the Slavophils I. S. Aksakov, Y. F. Samarin and A. I. Koshelev in the 1860's. The author shows the contradictory character of their appraisals of the bourgeois reforms carried out in the 1860's, their struggle against revolutionary democratism and materialist philosophy, the failure of their attempts to revive Slavophilism. The collapse of these attempts, the author concludes, signified the end of the ideology of nobiliary liberalism.
N. A. KAZAKOVA. European Countries in the Memoirs of Russian Travellers in the Mid-15th Century
The article analyzes the memoirs written by the participants in the Russian embassy to the Ferrara-Florence Council of 1438 - 1439 and relating to some aspects of life in Germany and Italy in the mid-15th century, including a number of large German and Italian towns. The materials examined by the author testify to the keenness of observation manifested by the Russian people, to their faithful and objective account of the various aspects of life in the countries which they happened to visit in the course of their travels.
A. I. SIZONENKO. The Development of Relations Between the U.S.S.R. and Latin America in the 1930's
The attention in the article is focussed on two questions of the utmost importance: 1. The Soviet Union's contacts and co-operation with Latin American countries in international organizations, first and foremost in the League of Nations; 2. Bilateral relations. The author comes to the conclusion that Soviet-Latin American relations in the period under review became more diversified and covered a wider range of problems than in the 1920's. It was precisely in the 1930's that a firm foundation was laid for the Soviet Union's relations with Latin American countries and the basic preconditions were created for the further development of their mutual relations.
S. V. LAVROV. The Struggle in the Political Circles of Great Britain Around the Anglo-Soviet Negotiations of 1920 - 1921 (in the light of new materials)
The article analyzes the contradictions that arose in Britain's ruling circles over the question of her policy towards the Soviet state at the different stages: from the armed intervention against Soviet Russia to the Anglo-Soviet negotiations culminating in the
conclusion of a trade agreement in 1921 and signifying the de facto recognition of the Soviet state. The author shows the alignment of forces in Britain's ruling circles, the influence exerted by the interests of different groupings on the government's policy towards Soviet Russia, its interrelation with other spheres of Britain's foreign policy and with domestic politics trend in British policy.
V. N. VINOGRADOV. The Crisis of Bourgeois Liberalism in the Years of the Weimar Republic as Reflected in West-German Historiography
The problem of the crisis of bourgeois liberalism in the years of the Weimar Republic is studied in the Federal Republic of Germany primarily from the viewpoint of class collaboration, which corresponds to the present-day aspirations of the ruling element in that country. The experience of German liberalism in this respect is evaluated as a "great service," as a "contribution to the discussion" on enlisting the working class to play a "constructive role" in bourgeois society. The vast majority of West-German historians fail to bring out the actual causes responsible for the crisis of the liberal parties, reducing these causes to subjective factors. A number of progressive-minded authors come out against apologetic conceptions and expose the real culprits responsible for the fall of the Weimar Republic.
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