In recent years, China has increasingly focused on studying foreign policy, the country's role in the international community, and its relations with individual States. There are also many works devoted to Russia and Russian-Chinese relations.
One of the most famous centers for the study of Russian-Chinese relations is the Institute of Russian, East European & Central Asian Studies (IREECAS), an Institute of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
The center's website regularly publishes news, reports, and articles devoted to all spheres of life in Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia, as well as Chinese authors ' assessments of the current state of politics, economy, and cultural events in the region. The article examines not only China's relations with the countries of this region, but also relations both within the region and with world political and economic centers, such as the United States and the European Union. Much attention is paid to the inter-state organizations of this region, primarily the CIS and the SCO.
In addition to the centers, specialized publishing houses for the study of international relations are being opened in Beijing and other cities of China. One of the largest and most significant of them is China Social Sciences Academic Press.
Since 2006, the Yellow Book of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia has been published annually under the auspices of this publishing house. A total of six "Yellow Books"were published.
This is a great work that carefully examines the situation in the region over the past year, with special attention paid to the most pressing issues, such as the state of the economy of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Central Asian countries during the global financial and economic crisis, the Russian-Georgian conflict in South Ossetia and its consequences, the military reform of the Russian Federation, the new round of negotiations between the Russian Federation and the United States on strategic nuclear weapons, etc. Even a cursory glance at the contents of the collection suggests that modern China is closely watching its strategic partners in the post-Soviet space.
It seems that the "Yellow Books" are of great importance for researchers of Russian-Chinese relations: in addition to the fact that Chinese experts are very interested in the state of politics and economy in our country, as well as in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the subject matter of these publications shows what attracts them most, and how they assess the events taking place in the region and processes.
So, according to the" Yellow Book " published in June 2011, the greatest interest of Chinese scientists at the moment is caused by the political situation and state security issues in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and Kyrgyzstan, as well as the state of the economies of the countries of the region in conditions of instability of the global economy.
According to the introductory article "Characteristics of the situation in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia in 2010", its authors Wu Enyuan and Sun Li (Director and Deputy Director of the Research Institute for the Study of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia) believe that "in general, the situation in the region is stable, but in some places it is very unstable". and "the problem of ensuring the national security of the countries of the region remains acute," especially in the countries of Central Asia, in particular, in Kyrgyzstan.
Russia "still plays an important role in the region," so most of the articles are devoted to the study of our country. Changes in the political, economic and social situation, as well as the position of the Russian Federation in the international arena, are considered separately.
Thus, the Chinese side closely monitors the political tandem "Medvedev-Putin", assessing the influence of these political leaders on politics, the economy and the public situation in the country as generally positive, especially in the context of the global financial and economic crisis. Pan Deli and Xue Fuqi (research associates of the Research Institute for the Study of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia) in their article "The political situation in Russia in 2010" noted that the "temporary tandem of Medvedev and Putin" is a unique association of the highest representatives of the state authorities of the Russian Federation, which in 2010 continued its course towards strengthening stability, held in the previous year as well. State authorities are functioning normally, and the Russian elite has already adapted to this power structure." At the same time, possible disagreements in the "tandem" on some issues are considered in detail.
No less attention is paid to the course of modernization of the Russian economy.
Chinese experts also consider the problem of nationalism and terrorism to be important in the domestic policy of the Russian Federation. Their attention was drawn to the rally against "ethnocrime" on Manezhnaya Square on December 11, 2010, which caused a massive response both in Russia and abroad.
The main problems of Russian foreign policy in 2010, according to the materials of the "Yellow Book" 2011 issue, Chinese experts consider increasing the role of economic cooperation in the international arena, improving Russian-American relations, and regulating relations with the CIS and Eastern European countries.
According to the authors of the Yellow Book, Russia, like China, needs a peaceful international environment to achieve its domestic political goals. To do this, it is important for Moscow not only to improve relations with Western countries, but also to strengthen its position in the Asia-Pacific region, and to continue developing "strategic partnership" with China and other countries in the eastern part of this vast region. Jiang Yi (Deputy Chairman and researcher at the Center for the Study of Russian Diplomacy at the Institute of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia) writes in his article "2010 - new adjustments to Russia's foreign policy" that "China, as before, remains an important partner of the Russian Federation in international affairs... Strengthening Russian-Chinese cooperation is one of the main points of Russia's foreign policy."
After analyzing the Yellow Book reports on Russia, it can be concluded that China is interested not only in economic cooperation with Russia, but also in the state of its political system and society, especially on the eve of the 2012 elections.
According to Chinese experts, the PRC, as before, sees Russia as a "strategic partner" and is ready to continue building relations on an equal basis.
V. A. NIKIFOROVA, post-graduate student of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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