Libmonster ID: U.S.-512
Author(s) of the publication: Igor GORYUNOV

X-ray technology is progressing in many "spectral" fields. One of them is associated with compact equipment which is represented in this country by the Flash Electronics R&D company which entered the scene in 1993. Its progress over the past nine years has been really impressive and today it dominates what we call the Russian sector of the market of X-ray diagnostic equipment, including sets for dealing with ecological problems and also terrorism, the smuggling of narcotics and non-destructive control of industrial equipment (defectoscopy).

The name of this company-Flash Electronics-speaks volumes about its specifics- development and construction of impulse X-ray instruments and devices.

The man at the start of this new field of technology was Academician Gennady Mesyats, the Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He substantiated the mechanism of the blast emission-a "product" of X-rays passing between two electrodes to which an electric field of more than 10 8 -10 9 V/cm is applied. This discovery provided the basis for impulse roentgenography engineering.

An interesting feature of our present-day science consists in the fact that as often as not the fundamental discoveries now are "put into practice" not by their authors, or the research centers where they were made. The case in point is the Director of the Flash Electronics, Alexander Buklei, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), who became acquainted with the studies of Acad. G. Mesyats (who made his discovery in Sverdlovsk - now Yekaterinburg) from articles and monographs.

Alexander Buklei began his studies in impulse roentgenography right after college. From 1986 experts of the Institute of Introscopy whom he joined at that time used impulse X-ray techniques for studies of processes of ballistics, of the propagation of cumulativeness upon entering an obstacle and other related processes. But after visits to several of this country's testing sites in 1989, the scientist saw that these studies had no real future. A group of former researchers from academic and specialized institutes decided to set up a center of their own in which they tried to use their knowledge and experience for building impulse roentgen frequency devices for a range of applications. The venture was a success and the new center designed and built the popular Shmel X-ray diagnostic sets which are now very popular among specialists.

First of all, these are what are called roentgeno-TV sets which detect objects incorporated into various bodies. This concerns, above all, instruments for combating terrorism and criminal drugs traffic. At our troubled time police and security agents often have to deal with "unclaimed" luggage left at railway stations, airports or department stores. When this happens security staff has to quickly examine these "gifts" without attracting undue public attention. Such inspections can be conducted with the help of one of the Flash Electronics products-a portable X-ray-TV set Shmel-240 TV. Using this set it takes the security staff some 30 seconds to take a look in-

Pages. 37


Pages. 38


side a hostless briefcase or package and see whether or not it contains some explosives. After that the suspicious piece of luggage is simply taken away or an alarm is sounded and the visitors are urgently evacuated.

Another, and no less dramatic, application of such detectors are all kinds of suspicious objects (explosives, drugs or weapons) in aircraft passenger sits, wings or fuselage. And the detectors can "take a look" into all kinds of niches, or hollows. Such detectors are also very handy in inspecting foreign passenger liners and/or freighters for undeclared goods right on their arrival in port.

The same detectors can be used to "clear" your office from electronic bugs planted by your rivals.

One of the latest novelties, unprecedented in other countries, is an X-ray scanner of hidden cavities called Watson. Used for the diagnostics in this case is not a TV image of a cavity, but reflected X-rays which detect all kinds of foreign objects. One such example is a car tyre which can be used by smugglers for hiding things like caviar, cigarettes, or narcotics. The Watson detector will even tell you which of these things you are dealing with. A very important advantage of such portable detectors consists in the fact that you, for example, can inspect the whole car (its fuel tank, wheels, doors, etc.) in a matter of only half an hour.

An old problem facing immigration officers is the smuggling of objects of arts, such as icons and paintings. As often as not, smugglers try to hide their real value under a layer of new paint. In cases of this kind inspectors can use the Kolibri portable digital detectors which reveals the original image under all kinds of overpaints.

The question of the true value of a painting is, naturally, left for art experts to decide, but a customs officer armed with the detector knows for sure what he is dealing with. Tests of the new detectors at the Moscow International Airport of Sheremetyevo, for example, made it possible for customs officials to arrest some 70 camouflaged icons.

One more class of such detectors includes portable impulse X-ray units for flaw detection of welding joints. Flash Electronics detectors are used for checking the quality of every third welding joint on Russian gas and oil pipelines which are already in operation or under construction.

All these innovations are the tangible achievements of our academic and industrial R&D centers. Company specialists have been able to put on the market really first- class devices which have received many Russian and international patents. When necessary the company invites the necessary specialists from outside. Three years ago, for example, they announced a grant for the Russian Academy and financed one research project. As a result the Institute of Nuclear Physics named after G. Budker of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy solved the problem of analysis of three- dimensional images in X-rays.


© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

https://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/On-the-Spot-IMPULSE-ROENTGENOGRAPHY

Similar publications: LUnited States LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: https://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

Igor GORYUNOV, On the Spot. IMPULSE ROENTGENOGRAPHY // New-York: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 08.09.2018. URL: https://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/On-the-Spot-IMPULSE-ROENTGENOGRAPHY (date of access: 13.07.2024).

Publication author(s) - Igor GORYUNOV:

Igor GORYUNOV → other publications, search: Libmonster USALibmonster WorldGoogleYandex

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Related topics
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
417 views rating
08.09.2018 (2135 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes
Related Articles
EVGENY YU. SERGEEV. RUSSIAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE IN THE WAR WITH JAPAN, 1904 - 1905. SECRET OPERATION ON LAND AND SEA
11 hours ago · From Ann Jackson
KING AND KINGDOM IN ANCIENT EGYPT (ON THE PROBLEM OF RELIGIOUS CONNOTATIONS)
14 hours ago · From Ann Jackson
Yu. N. TIKHONOV. GREAT POWER POLITICS IN AFGHANISTAN AND THE PASHTUN TRIBES (1919-1945)
2 days ago · From Ann Jackson
POLITICAL SYSTEM OF AFGHANISTAN: IMPACT OF TRIBAL ORGANIZATION
2 days ago · From Ann Jackson
KING AND KINGDOM IN ANCIENT EGYPT (ON THE PROBLEM OF RELIGIOUS CONNOTATIONS)
2 days ago · From Ann Jackson
The main property of the neutral zone of a permanent magnet is the presence of a directional force of motion (magnetic self-motion) with a pronounced attraction, in relation to any main pole of another magnet. When the magnetic field of the neutral zone moves parallel to the magnetization axis of the permanent magnet along the plane of the conducting circuit - an electric current arises.
Catalog: Physics 
3 days ago · From Andrei Verner
Properties of the magnetic field of the permanent magnet the neutral zone is the presence of force directed motion (self-motion magnetic) with a strong attraction towards any main pole of the other magnet (magnetized ferromagnetic primary pole permanent magnet).
Catalog: Physics 
3 days ago · From Andrei Verner
Progress Sums: 1,2,3,4,5..., -1,-2,-3,-4,-5... It can be found using the formula: Sn=(n²a₁+n)/2. Progress Sum: 1,3,6,10,15..., -1,-3,-6,-10,-15... It can be found using the formula: Sn= ((n+a₁)³-(n+a₁))/6. Progress Sum: 1,4,9,16,25..., -1,-4,-9,-16,-25... It can be found using the formula: Sn= a₁(n+a₁)(n²a₁+0.5n)/3. (Where n - is the number of summable terms, a₁ - is the first term of the progression).
Catalog: Physics 
3 days ago · From Andrei Verner
Collision of gas molecules is the source of energy. We assemble a simple galvanic cell (analogous to the well-known battery). We place two electrodes with a potential difference in a NaCl solution. With a fixed load of the external circuit, we discharge the cell. Without breaking the external circuit, we cover the galvanic cell with a glass flask. In the mixture of atmospheric air located under the flask, we increase the percentage of carbon dioxide several times by introducing carbon dioxide under the flask. We record the restoration of the cell charge.
Catalog: Physics 
3 days ago · From Andrei Verner
THE "RUSSIAN" FACE OF ISRAEL: FEATURES OF A SOCIAL PORTRAIT
4 days ago · From Ann Jackson

New publications:

Popular with readers:

News from other countries:

LIBMONSTER.COM - U.S. Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
Library Partners

On the Spot. IMPULSE ROENTGENOGRAPHY
 

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: U.S. LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

U.S. Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2014-2024, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of the United States of America


LIBMONSTER NETWORK ONE WORLD - ONE LIBRARY

US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android