U. V. OKIMBEKOV Candidate of Historical Sciences Keywords: Afghanistan, telephony, mobile communication Afghanistan was and remains one of the most backward countries in the world. The civil war, which has been going on for more than three decades, has turned this state into one of the most politically unstable and unreliable in terms of security. Investment of any funds by private foreign companies, as well as international funds and organizations in the economy of Afghanistan remains more than problematic, since the risk of doing business in the country's unhealthy investment climate is very high. Foreign financial resources are allocated exclusively within the framework of humanitarian and economic assistance programs for the restoration of certain sectors of the economy. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, foreign companies and international financial organizations have shown interest in developing telephone communication in the country. And some have even invested in the telecommunications sector. BACKGROUND: PHONES FOR THE RICH ONLY Telephone communication in this country appeared after it gained political independence in 1919. The basis of the Afghan telephone and telegraph communication was laid by the USSR. With the help of the Soviet Union, the first telegraph and telephone line was built in 1927, connecting Herat with Kandahar1. By 1929, the total length of such lines was 2 thousand km2. The backwardness of most sectors of the economy and other factors caused the fact that telephone communication was virtually unavailable to the population of Afghanistan until the end of the 1940s. Only in 1949, the first automatic telephone exchange (PBX) for 1.3 thousand numbers was launched in Kabul.3 The second - for 5 thousand numbers-appeared only in 1957. In 1961, the PBX for 1.5 thousand numbers began to operate in Kandahar. In the 1960s, Afghanistan developed international connectivity.4 Total length of telegraph and telephone lines by 1979 it was approximatel ... Read more

This publication was posted on Libmonster in another country. The article seemed interesting to our editor.

Full version:
Libmonster Online · 334 days ago 0 201
Professional Authors' Comments:
Order by: 
Per page: 
  • There are no comments yet
Library guests comments

0 votes
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
20.08.2023 (334 days ago)
Permanent link to this publication:

Library Partners

LIBMONSTER.COM - U.S. Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: U.S. LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

U.S. Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2014-2024, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of the United States of America


US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android