MEASUREMENT SYSTEM IN ANCIENT EGYPT (ON THE QUESTION OF THE CANON OF PROPORTIONS)
All the ancient canons, which proceeded from mathematical regularity, natural forms of the human body structure, recreated on this basis the system of proportions, which was the result of artistic and figurative generalization. The choice of measures in the work of masters is a secondary process. The Egyptians, being empiricists, found perfect, ideal proportions, which were the basis for canonical types of images. Numbers, becoming sacred, began to be thought of as the embodiment of the divine principle. When we talk about measurement, we assume two forms of it - speculative, based on representation and forming the sphere of philosophical concepts, and concrete-practical, based on the bodies and objects of the visible world. In both cases, we are dealing with the categories of space, time, and motion. Movement is a process that causes changes in time; however, there is also a certain long path that can be measured by linear measures. If the path runs in three-dimensional space, then you will need volume measures to fix it. All measures are interconnected; the mass of bodies and the direction of their movement in space and time can be grasped with the help of thought and a dimensional tool, using for clarity such geometric shapes as triangles, squares, cubes, circles. Mechanical motion has a quantitative characteristic and obeys a visible order. According to its laws, the building plans of temples and tombs are developed, plastic compositions that acquire an external immobility in a complete form with potential movement that takes hidden, symbolic forms. The symbolic connection between the divine and human principles can be traced in the iconography of the ancient Egyptian gods, many of whom in their hypostases take anthropomorphic images; according to the ancient Egyptian versions of the origin of the world, gods and people, the gods gave people their image. Statues were represented as" bodies " of gods, receptacles of spiritual life. When a person after the resurre ... Read more
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28.06.2024 (25 days ago)
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