In the early 1930s, the Latvian and Estonian public was fairly well informed about what was happening in the USSR, including the famine in Ukraine. Many Balts had relatives in this Soviet republic, whose letters about the terrible events were published in the press of the Baltic countries. Latvian and Estonian diplomats had more detailed information about the famine, which was based on their personal impressions of trips to Ukraine. In their reports, they wrote in detail about the scale of starvation and the facts of cannibalism. Although the official reaction of Latvia and Estonia to the Ukrainian Holodomor was rather passive, residents of the Baltic countries organized a relief campaign, sending food parcels to the hungry in the USSR.
The Great Famine of 1932-1933. In Ukraine, the Holodomor, which claimed several million lives over the course of a year, is considered one of the greatest tragedies of the twentieth century. The Soviet regime stubbornly denied its very existence. In the early 1930s, Moscow tried to hide the terrible events in the republic from the world by banning foreign correspondents from entering Ukraine and launching a massive propaganda campaign. Nevertheless, certain news did reach the West. In particular, such journalists as Thomas Malcolm Muggeridge, Gareth Richard Vaughan Jones, Susan Bertillon and others reported on the hunger strike. foreign diplomats accredited in the "Land of Soviets" also knew about the famine, which is clearly evident from the correspondence of British, German and Italian missions. In this article, we will consider the issue of awareness of Latvian and Estonian diplomatic representatives about the events in the neighboring USSR.
Informing the public of the Baltic countries about the Holodomor
The reports of Latvian and Estonian diplomats about the famine in the Soviet Union, especially in the Ukrainian SSR, did not differ qualitatively from those that their Baltic public received from the press. In the early ... Read more