An Introduction to the 12/7/01 Session of NAS-RAS Meeting on "Conflicts in Multiethnic Societies"
От редакции. Публикуемое ниже на английском языке выступление одного из крупнейших американских историков, профессора университета Сан-Диего в Калифорнии Роберта Адамса, в течение многих лет возглавлявшего авторитетный научный центр США - Смитсоновский институт, было сделано в ходе проходившей в Вашингтоне 5-7 декабря 2001 г. встречи ученых, участвующих в совместном проекте Российской академии наук и Национальной академии США по сравнительному изучению этнических проблем и конфликтов в многоэтничных государствах. На заседаниях трех рабочих групп, образованных в рамках проекта: "Систематические сравнительные исследования конфликтов" (рук. Пол Стерн и В.В. Наумкин); "Культура, идентичность и конфликт" (рук. A.M. Хазанов иЛ. М. Дробижева); "Коллективное насилие" (рук. Чарлз Тилли и В.А. Тишков), было подготовлено три доклада, характеризующих современное состояние исследований конфликтов идентичности (identity conflicts), ведущихся в мире, и определяющих перспективные направления будущего российско-американского сотрудничества в этой области. In his short paper on "Defining Violence", Valery Tishkov offers a basic insight that is an important contribution to our discussions: "...the key to understanding violence and conflict is the concept of a context, which results from the recognitiion of the primary role of the specific social situation in the interpretation of the human behavior and institutions." But while I rarely find myself in disagreement with him, I am somewhat troubled by the word "specific" in that observation. It leads him to the further proposition that "violence can be better understood if viewed as a function of values and norms existing in the given society". While there is obviously much validity in this statement, and while it constitutes a virtually unanimous working assumption in our proceedings thus far, I want to remind you that it is also our responsibility as social scientists not to lose sight of still wider horizons that are a part of the ide ... Read more
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27.06.2024 (28 days ago)
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