Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

Libmonster ID: COM-899
Author(s) of the publication: Yaroslav Renkas

share the publication with friends & colleagues

President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin congratulated prominent compatriots honored with the State Award for 2006 in June 2007. Among them were Academician Sergey Kovalev, chief designer and supervisor of studies of design works for rocket strategic submarine cruisers and for creating offshore oil and gas production and reconnaissance platforms of the Central Design Bureau of Marine Equipment "Rubin", and Academician Igor Spassky, First Deputy Director General, chief designer of the same organization, as well as David Pashaev, President of the Russian State Center of Atomic Shipbuilding "Sevmash". They were honored with the high award for the design of three generations of atomic carrier rocket submarines.

This fact drew attention of representatives of mass media. Though even before the designers of battle submarines were much discussed in mass media. It would be fair to point out that Science in Russia magazine repeatedly covered problems of development and improvement of national submarines, published a lot of articles, in particular, the article of the Nobel prize-winner Academician Zhores Alferov, Academician Sergey Kovalev and Anatoly Rodionov, Dr. Sc. (Tech.)*, which contains an analysis of the results and perspectives of the activity of Leningrad Design Bureau No. 143 (today FSUE St. Petersburg Marine Bureau of Machine-Building "Malakhit"), Design Bureau of Machine-Building (Miass, Chelyabinsk Region), the Works named after the Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomolsk-on-Amur), CRI "Morphiz-pribor", "Elektropribor", "Prometei", Physico-Technical Institute named after A. Ioffe (St. Petersburg), CRI "Delphin", CRI named after Academician A. Krylov (Moscow).


* See: Zh. Alferov et at., "Main Strike Force of Russian Navy", Science in Russia, No. 1. 2006. -Ed.

стр. 28


Special article was devoted to the MT CDB "Rubin"*. The point at issue was an age-old history of the development of national submarine fleet on the base of this research institution, where heavy strategic atomic submarine cruisers of the third generation - Akula - were designed. It is the largest submarine in the world, equipped with a rocket system consisting of 20 ballistic carriers with 10 splitting warheads (each with an individual guidance). The cruiser maintains controllability and launching submergence depth during a multiple discharge of a submerged weapon of up to 2,000 tons. The installed navigation system ensures accurate target destruction.

As for the recent, most efficient publications on the subject, we must point out Rossiiskaya Gazeta: on its pages the above-mentioned laureates discussed problems of designing, construction and use of atomic submarines. In particular, Sergey Kovalev emphasized that a high scientific level, technological achievements and a huge experience accumulated for the past years allow to


* See: Yu. Unkovsky, "Naval Jubilee", Science in Russia, No. 5, 2001. - Ed.

стр. 29


increase battle effectiveness of our submarines carrier rockets. He specially pointed out their multiple noise reduction (by 30 times). This technological breakthrough was conditioned by theoretical research works of such prominent scientists as Anatoly Alexandrov and Viktor Gaponov-Grekhov, as well as by numerous tests of submarines in the sea. Concurrently, technology and equipment on shipyards and related enterprises have been gradually improved. Scientists have managed to formulate requirements for vibroactivity of equipment and mechanisms, installed on submarines in order to improve their reticence.

"Sevmash" shipwrights, headed by David Pashaev, who in the 1990s did not let the plant come under hammer, also participate in the general development. At that time many directors sold out equipment and leased workshops. He managed to preserve unique production facilities even without state-guaranteed orders. "We kept working even in the most difficult years," says David Pashaev.

At the beginning of the 21st century "Sevmash" put into operation "Gepard" carrier rocket, which exceeded expectations of the specialists. At the same time the efforts were undertaken to stabilize the Russian State Center of Atomic Shipbuilding, incorporating "Rubin" as well. Specialists of this plant managed to bring more than 50 percent of submarine components from Ukraine to Russian plants, as well as metal, primary navigation and computer systems. Now only cable is supplied from Ukraine, but already from the joint Russian-Ukrainian enterprise.

In short, the authors of the publication conclude that our shipwrights can successfully respond to problems which arise and will arise in the course of construction of submarines of the fourth and fifth generations. Igor Spassky believes that things never change. Complex scientific and technical systems develop gradually. At first one generation of machines is created based on the level of knowledge and opportunities existing in reality. Then, after accumulation of experience, specialists start designing new generations, etc. Submarines are a striking example of this evolution.

As for such a high appraisal of the work of submarine designers, in particular, their decoration with the State Prize, all participants of the discussion published in Rossiiskaya Gazeta agree that this fact proves a special interest of the RF President and Russian Government in the business they are engaged in for further strengthening the defence capacity of the country.

A. Yemelyanenkov, "Fourth Generation Underwater Strategists", Rossiiskaya gazeta, 15.06.2007

Prepared by Yaroslav Renkas

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/ASSESSMENT-OF-THE-WORK-OF-SUBMARINE-DESIGNERS

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

Yaroslav Renkas, ASSESSMENT OF THE WORK OF SUBMARINE DESIGNERS // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 29.09.2018. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/ASSESSMENT-OF-THE-WORK-OF-SUBMARINE-DESIGNERS (date of access: 18.09.2019).

Publication author(s) - Yaroslav Renkas:

Yaroslav Renkas → other publications, search: Libmonster United KingdomLibmonster WorldGoogleYandex

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
213 views rating
29.09.2018 (354 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
The paper covers a model of generation of fundamental forces induced by neutrino interference with other particles. Neutrinos fill up vacuum and inter-vacuum space obtaining a long-range action. Fundamental binding “proton-neutrinoselectron” has been defined and its transformation under various conditions into atom of hydrogen or neutron is studied. The paper also considers structuring of nucleus and electron atomic shell. Electron is positioned on stationary shell creating intraatomic and interatomic forces. Fundamental forces are generated due to neutrinos interference of neutron, nucleon and atom. Proposed the impact of neutrinos on origin of gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
38 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Interrelation between gravitation and acts of nature is deemed as a hard proof that the Earth gravitation is a predominant fact in this cohesion. Neutrino flow pressuring towards the Earth center on its way is forming difference abnormal zones within atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. As a result we are exposed to such natural disasters as earthquakes, volcanoes and climatic changes. Sufficient energy to such acts may be released only due to gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
38 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Neutrino is considered the carrier of gravitation. Earth gravity is formed due to the central Earth core shielding all-penetrating neutrino flow. Neutrino penetrates the Earth interfering fusion reaction on the core surface of our planet and stops motion and pressuring. As consequence neutrino is facing gravity force forwarded to the center of our planet.
Catalog: Physics 
38 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
A new theory of electricity is needed, first of all, because the modern theory of electricity is built on a conduction current that does not exist in nature. And this paradox is obvious even to schoolchildren who observe currents with negative and positive charges on oscilloscopes. The modern theory of electricity is not able to clearly explain many of the mysteries of electricity. This article explains some of the mysteries that the modern theory of electricity could not explain.
Catalog: Physics 
41 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The author of the article did not encounter a single source on the Meissner-Oxenfeld effect, where the version that this effect is explained by the presence of eddy currents in superconducting ceramics would be questioned. But, in the opinion of the author of the article, ceramics in such a state are surrounded by such gravitational fields, which, when cooled, turn into gravimagnetic fields, which, together with the gravimagnetic fields of the Earth, pull all the magnetic fields from the ceramics body.
Catalog: Physics 
63 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Two hundred years ago, Faraday received a current with negative and positive charges, which is distributed in the layer of ether adjacent to the conductor. The one who does not know this is not worth going into the theory of electricity. The discovery is based on the realization that in the theory of electricity there is no extraneous force, instead of which an electromotive force acts, formed by the difference in electrical potentials, between the zero potential of the conductor and the negative (or positive) potential of the current source. This difference in electrical potentials creates in the circuit the force of motion of the charges. The difference of electric potentials creates a force, which may well be called Coulomb force. And then it is not clear why it was necessary to invent an outside force.
Catalog: Physics 
132 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
185 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
199 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
199 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory. But it was criticism at the level of emotions. Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
Catalog: Physics 
206 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
ASSESSMENT OF THE WORK OF SUBMARINE DESIGNERS
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK