Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

Libmonster ID: COM-155

share the publication with friends & colleagues

M. P. KIM. Corresponding Member of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, and V. P. SHERSTOBITOV. The Soviet People as a New Historical Community of Men

The Soviet people constitute an historical community of a new type. In contradistinction to bourgeois communities where harmony between different classes occupying diametrically opposite positions in social life, having their own ideology and furthering their own aims is inconceivable, the Soviet people constitute a community of men whose moral, political and spiritual complexion embraces such common traits as devotion to the cause of communism, socialist patriotism and internationalism, a high level of socio-political and labour activity, irreconcilable attitude to all exploiters and all forms of oppression, to national and race prejudices, and class solidarity with the working people of all countries. The main prerequisite for the emergence of the Soviet people as a distinct community was the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution. In the process of socialist and communist construction in the U.S.S.R. there arose and developed the social, class and international community of men based on all-round cooperation of classes, social groups, nations and nationalities. The moulding of the Soviet people as a new historical community of men proceeded under the leadership of the Communist Party. The Soviet Communist Party also directs the process of perfecting this community in our time under the conditions of developed socialism and the building of communism.

Y. P. PETROV. The Communist Party as the Motive Force in Organizing Victory in the Years of Military Intervention and Civil War (1918 - 1920)

The article highlights the activity of the Soviet Communist Party in repulsing the first onslaught of the imperialist forces on the young Soviet Republic, its military policy in 1918 - 1920. In conditions of the commencing war against the external and internal counter revolutionary forces it was necessary to convert the country into an armed camp, to muster every ounce of the nation's strength and resources. One of the most important tasks of extreme urgency for the Party was the need to organize prompt, resolute and effective military resistance. In pursuance of this major objective the Party reorganized itself accordingly. This found expression in the enhancement of organizational centralism, speedy solution of all questions posed by war, strict, unswerving fulfilment by all Party organizations of the Party's military decisions, more stringent and exacting demands made by the Party on all its members, redistribution of Party cadres in furtherance of wartime interests. In the prevailing war conditions the Communist Party successfully solved the extremely complex problem of building up the armed forces of the socialist state capable of beating back the onslaught of the combined forces of external and domestic counterrevolution. The effective solution of this problem was largely predetermined by the fact that more than 260,000 Communists were dispatched to replenish the ranks of the Red Army and to take an active part in armed struggle on the battlefronts. The article closely examines the system of Party leadership of the war: the Party exercised day-to-day military-strategic leadership and effectively guided the war economy. All this enabled the Soviet people to inflict a crushing defeat on the superior forces of the class enemy, to uphold the very existence of the world's first socialist state.

стр. 220


Y. A. TIKHONOV. Feudal Rent in Central Russia (end of the 16th - first half of the 17th centuries)

The views and opinions expressed in scientific literature on the question examined in this article are highly contradictory owing to the absence of reliable sources. The author has succeeded in discovering, in the records kept by the Landed Property Department, valuable.data on the total amount of compulsory feudal services and fealty due from feudal tenants to the landlords, embracing sixteen landed estates in Russia's central districts. These materials helped to establish the average size of corvee and quitrent imposed on each peasant household. The statistical data contained in them permitted to estimate both the average and precise figures showing the amount of a taxes and duties exacted by the landlords from every peasant farmhold. A careful comparison of the average amount of taxes and duties imposed on the rural communities in and around the Troitse-Sergiev Monastery in the 1590's with similar data available for landed estates over a period from the twenties to the forties of the 17th century enables the author to draw the conclusion that in the period under review two forms of rent were widespread in Central Russia: the corvee system and money rent, though neither of these still predominated. The size of rent did not change substantially. The lessons taught by the peasant war of the early 17th century tended to restrain the landowners' appetites. The processes attending the rise and development of corvee and serfdom in Russia were going forward in close interconnection. The spread of labour rent resulted in the appearance of new laws intended to perpetuate the system of feudal oppression. On the other hand, the peasants' growing personal dependence on the landlords was an important precondition for the rise and development of the corvee system.

G. K. WAGNER. The Formation in Historical Problems in Russian Art in the 10th - 13th Centuries

One of the greatest achievements of medieval art was the conception of a single historical process. Although distinguished for its Providentialist character, this conception nevertheless proved instrumental in delivering art from its mythological circle and providing the groundwork for the development of historical genres. The first historical conceptions in Russian art became possible with the spread of the legendary-religious genre of Byzantine art embracing history from "the creation of the world." This type of historicism was naturally marked by its legendary character, but it did not preclude interest in real history. The development of feudal relations, for its part, could not but give rise to the need of art conceptions consolidating these relations, and this tended to impregnate the legendary-religious genre with real historical motifs and "elements of. realism" in style. The onward movement to historicism is represented by mural paintings depicting scenes from court life, pictures on religious themes, portraits of royal persons and, first and foremost, by illustrations drawn for religious and historical books. By the beginning of the 13th century they attained a high degree of complexity. The accumulation of national elements in them proceeded much faster than in other genres of art. This process, which can be compared with Italian 13th-century art, was sharply decelerated by the Tatar-Mongol invasion.

B. S. NIKIFOROV. The 1952 Military Coup in Cuba

The military coup of March 10, 1952, seriously aggravated the political and economic crisis of the whole system prevailing in bourgeois Cuba. The usual version widespread in bourgeois literature as to the causes of the coup, which allegedly should be attributed to Batista's personal ambitions, does not reflect the real substance of developments. The facts cited in the article graphically show that behind the events of March 10, 1952, loomed very influential reactionary forces both outside Cuba (represented by a number of powerful U. S. monopolies) and inside the country (the commercial and landowning interests connected with these American monopolies). The developments of March 10, 1952, testified to the political bankruptcy of Cuba's bourgeois parties. New forces representing the vast majority of the Cuban people-the working class, the peasantry and the urban middle classes-rose to fight the dictatorship. Their hard and persevering struggle finally brought about the downfall of the bourgeois system in Cuba.

стр. 221


B. M. KOSAREV. Slave Traffic as a Source of Negro Slavery in the U.S.A.

For a long time the plantations in the Southern slaveowning states of North America, which raised cotton and other export crops, were supplied with manpower at the expense of slaves brought in from Africa. Statistical data and other sources convincingly show that notwithstanding the ban imposed in 1808 on trafficking in African slaves, the number of slaves imported in the U.S.A. kept steadily increasing. Slave trade assumed particularly wide proportions in the 1850's. The American government did its utmost to encourage this sinister business. However, this source of manpower supply could not fully meet the needs of the slaveowning South. In the course of several decades preceding the civil war, the main cotton-growing states in the South-West of the country were provided with slaves coming chiefly from the frontier states of North America, where slave traffic became especially widespread in connection with the exhaustion of the soil. The article characterizes the internal trade in Negro slaves in the 19th century and analyzes the basic trends and scale of its development.

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-11-29-44

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 29.11.2017. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-11-29-44 (date of access: 17.06.2019).

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
143 views rating
29.11.2017 (565 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
The first thing that inspired me to this discovery is the shock that the researchers of superconductivity experience. And this is understandable. If the conduction current is formed by free electrons, then why does superconductivity increase when free electrons practically disappear, freezing to atoms. Secondly, this is the obstinacy of the Russian scientist, Dr. Fedyukin Veniamin Konstantinovich, who doubted that superconductivity exists. He writes: “Proceeding from the general scientific, ideological position and practice that there is opposition to every action and there is resistance to any movement, it can be argued that resistance and electric current along the conductor should be. Therefore, the so-called "superconductivity" electric current is not, and can not be. "
Catalog: Physics 
39 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
92 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
106 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
106 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory. But it was criticism at the level of emotions. Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
Catalog: Physics 
113 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Awareness of man himself, the birth of the human “I” occurred through a qualitative leap in the process of evolution of the population of brain giants, which appeared as a result of crossing Homo sapiens with Neanderthals.
Catalog: Science 
115 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
istory make the masses. But the masses are ruled by leaders. The influence of an individual on the development of social processes is the greater, the greater the influence this personality has on the consciousness of individuals, as well as on the social consciousness of groups, classes and nations. The formula of Marx's social progress — the developing productive forces of society outgrow their production relations, throw them off and give birth to new ones — true, but only with Lenin's amendment: man is the main productive force of humanity.
Catalog: Psychology 
115 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The fundamental difference between a herd of animals and a human society is the presence of social laws formed by the consciousness of people in human society. Anthroposociogenesis is the process of forming into the consciousness of hominids of social laws, through the indefinite and combinational variability of genotypes with the elimination of those hominids that are not capable of subjecting their activity to laws.
Catalog: Science 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Comparing all that is united by the concept of "mine" with all that is united by the concept of "not mine" the concept of "I" is born. Here begins the development of the individual consciousness of modern man, here began the development and individual consciousness of fossil people. It also began its development and public power, which initially could not have any other form, as soon as the form of protection of a mother who realized her motherhood to her children. Both individual consciousness and public power originate in the form of legal consciousness, and, first of all, in the form of awareness of the issues of belonging of certain objects to certain individuals, that is, in the form of awareness of the concepts "mine is not mine", "my child is not my child".
Catalog: Psychology 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Dialectics is often called the tool of knowledge of nature. But, in the opinion of the author of this article, this tool is still as imperfect as the scissors would be imperfect, without the central screw uniting the two blades of this tool. This "cog" in dialectics is the fact that the "struggle" of opposites, which is the driving force behind the development of all processes of nature, is not absolute. "Struggle" is born when the dialectic system deviates from the state of equilibrium, and the goal of this "struggle" is to restore the lost equilibrium of the system.
Catalog: Philosophy 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK