Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

share the publication with friends & colleagues

Josef KOWALSKI. The Great October Socialist Revolution and Poland

The article analyzes the powerful influence exerted by the Great October Socialist Revolution on Poland in 1917 - 1919. The author's attention is focussed on the following major problems of that period: 1. The significance of the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy and Russian imperialism and of the victory of the October Revolution for the Polish people's struggle, for the reestablshment of an independent Polish state in the autumn of 1918; 2. The influence of the October Revolution and the revolutionary repercussions it caused in Central Europe of the Polish working people's liberation struggle and on the activity of the revolutionary and progressive forces in Poland; 3. The Marxist-Leninist teaching of the socialist revolution and its ideological impact on the Polish Communist movement; problems of the revolutionary strategy and tactics arising before the Communist movement from the concrete conditions obtaining in Poland at that period. The article stresses the vast influence exerted by the October Revolution on the destinies of the Polish people, on the cause of winning their state independence, on the liberation struggle of the working people of Poland, on stimulating the processes of ideological and political development of their Communist vanguard.

M. I. TRUSH. Lenin and the Genoa Conference

Drawing on extensive factual data, including hitherto unpublished materials contained in the new edition of Complete Works, the author brings out V. I. Lenin's foreign political activity in instructing and guiding the Soviet delegation to the 1922 Conference in Genoa. The author singles out a number of cardinal theoretical questions - peaceful coexistence, the attitude to pacifism, etc. -which at that period were in the focus of Lenin's attention. The materials cited in the article will show the reader the paramount importance attached by the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) headed by Lenin to formulating the basic tasks of the Soviet delegation at the Genoa Conference: the establishment of commercial relations with the capitalist countries; obtaining foreign credits on advantageous terms in exchange for certain concessions; securing the juridical recognition of the Soviet gevernment. The article highlights the activity of the preparatory commission and its close cooperation with the central government institutions headed by the State Planning Committee. In conclusion the author describes the work of the Party Central Committee headed by Lenin in directing the Soviet delegation's efforts at the Genoa Conference.

O. F. SOLOVYOV. The Preparation and Launching of the Intervention Against Soviet Russia

The author traces the preparation and launching of the imperialist intervention against Soviet Russia by the ruling element of the Allied powers in the period from October 1917 to July 1918. The article shows the consecutive stages of the intervention and reveals their specific features. Side by side with highlighting the active role played by the Western powers and Japan in this act of aggression against Soviet Russia, the author exposes the foreign interventionists' close cooperation with the forces of internal

стр. 220

counter-revolution. At the same time the article briefly surveys the consistent efforts of Soviet diplomacy to secure a peaceful respite after the conclusion of the Brest- Litovsk treaty. The abundant factual evidence cited in the article irrefutably proves that the British, American, French and Japanese governments launched their intervention in October 1917. In the initial period it was camouflaged in character and was manifested primarily in rendering financial assistance to the Whiteguard forces. In March-April 1918 the foreign imperialists passed to an open intervention, capturing important bridgeheads in Murmansk and Vladivostok. In the summer of that year they undertook a large-scale military invasion, operating in close contact with Russia's internal counterrevolutionary forces.

P. G. RYNDZIUNSKY. The Causes Responsible for the Declining Number of Serf Peasants on the Eve of the 1861 Reform

The article traces the causes responsible for the decline in the number of serf peasants in Russia in the 1830's - 1860's and for the marked reduction in the percentage of serf peasantry in the country's population a question that has long been discussed in historical literature. The prevailing opinion is that the chief cause of this phenomenon was the intensified feudal oppression which found its most glaring manifestation in the expropriation of the peasants land by the landlords and in the heavier feudal taxes and duties imposed on the serfs. This view is not shared by the author. Drawing on his close study of the results of the ninth population census taken in 1850 - 1851 as well as on a number of documents and materials pertaining to the census, the author comes to the conclusion that the absolute and relative decline in the number of serf peasants was chiefly due (o the growing number of serfs gaining their freedom as a result of the deepening crisis of the feudal system - the preasants irresistible urge for liberation and the landlords' growing realization that the continued exercise of their right to keep their serf peasants in bondage was becoming economically inexpedient. In conclusion the author points out that the heavy feudal exploitation was responsible for the slow rate of increase of the Russian population generally in the 18th - 19th centuries.

V. P. ALEXEYEV. Human Races in Contemporary Science

Though racial distinctions between individual groups of mankind were noticed in ancient times, they became the subject of scientific research only in the middle of the 19th century. This research showed that race-formation is an adaptive process. Proceeding from this premise, the author single out the seats of initial and secondary race-formation. According to his classification, there are two seats of initial race- formation-Western and Eastern. Within the bounds of the Western seat there are three secondary seats-European, African and Australian; within the bounds of the Eastern seat there are two secondary seats-East-Asian and American. The article emphasizes that the race represents a dynamic category, whose development and specific features are determined primarily by sociohistorical laws. In conformity with different racial peculiarities and specific features, it is possible to single out different types of race- formation-the modus of typological variability, the modus of local variability, etc. This circumstance in conjunction with geographical contiguity of anthropological, ethnohistoric and linguistic entities enables the researcher to make effective use of antropological data as an historical source.

A. G. AGAYEV. Nation: Its Essence and Self-Consciousness

The article analyzes the essence and types of the ethic community in their historical develpoment and substantiates the methods of their distinction. The author brings out the unity of the general ethnic features possessed by a tribal community, nationality and nation. Maintaining that the various ethnic communities of the socialist epoch cannot be unified within any one national type, the author proposes his own classification of these types. The author believes that the various nationalities, national units and ethnographic

стр. 221

groups will continue to exist and freely develop for a long time-side by side with the nation itself. A. G. Agayev determines a nation by the highest historical type of ethnic community, which is awakened to an independent national life, sovereignty and self- consciousness by capitalism, on the one hand, and by socialism on the other (on diametrically opposite principles).

H P. LASHUK. The Character of Class-Formation in Early Nomad Societies

The article is devoted to an analysis of the character, dynamics and main historical stages of the rise and development of class relations in the superseding and coexisting early Asian nomad societies over a long historical period - from the early metal age to the 13th century inclusive. The author criticizes both the theory purporting to prove the "traditional" existence of the tribal system among the Asian nomads up to the time when it was destroyed by capitalism, and the latter-day conception of a specific "nomad mode of production" allegedly existing somewhere between the primitive communal and capitalist formations. Drawing on concrete historical material, the author views the process of class-formation among the ancient nomads in context with their historic evolution from the primitive communal system to feudal relations (approximately in the 11th - 13th centuries) through the stage of early class prefeudal (tributary) relations (from A. D. 1 to the 10th - 11th centuries).



Permanent link to this publication:

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster:

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 14.10.2017. URL: (date of access: 24.06.2019).

Found source (search robot):


Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
  • There are no comments yet
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
247 views rating
14.10.2017 (618 days ago)
0 subscribers
0 votes

Related Articles
The first thing that inspired me to this discovery is the shock that the researchers of superconductivity experience. And this is understandable. If the conduction current is formed by free electrons, then why does superconductivity increase when free electrons practically disappear, freezing to atoms. Secondly, this is the obstinacy of the Russian scientist, Dr. Fedyukin Veniamin Konstantinovich, who doubted that superconductivity exists. He writes: “Proceeding from the general scientific, ideological position and practice that there is opposition to every action and there is resistance to any movement, it can be argued that resistance and electric current along the conductor should be. Therefore, the so-called "superconductivity" electric current is not, and can not be. "
Catalog: Physics 
46 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
99 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Catalog: Military science 
113 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
113 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory. But it was criticism at the level of emotions. Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
Catalog: Physics 
120 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Awareness of man himself, the birth of the human “I” occurred through a qualitative leap in the process of evolution of the population of brain giants, which appeared as a result of crossing Homo sapiens with Neanderthals.
Catalog: Science 
122 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
istory make the masses. But the masses are ruled by leaders. The influence of an individual on the development of social processes is the greater, the greater the influence this personality has on the consciousness of individuals, as well as on the social consciousness of groups, classes and nations. The formula of Marx's social progress — the developing productive forces of society outgrow their production relations, throw them off and give birth to new ones — true, but only with Lenin's amendment: man is the main productive force of humanity.
Catalog: Psychology 
122 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The fundamental difference between a herd of animals and a human society is the presence of social laws formed by the consciousness of people in human society. Anthroposociogenesis is the process of forming into the consciousness of hominids of social laws, through the indefinite and combinational variability of genotypes with the elimination of those hominids that are not capable of subjecting their activity to laws.
Catalog: Science 
122 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Comparing all that is united by the concept of "mine" with all that is united by the concept of "not mine" the concept of "I" is born. Here begins the development of the individual consciousness of modern man, here began the development and individual consciousness of fossil people. It also began its development and public power, which initially could not have any other form, as soon as the form of protection of a mother who realized her motherhood to her children. Both individual consciousness and public power originate in the form of legal consciousness, and, first of all, in the form of awareness of the issues of belonging of certain objects to certain individuals, that is, in the form of awareness of the concepts "mine is not mine", "my child is not my child".
Catalog: Psychology 
122 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Dialectics is often called the tool of knowledge of nature. But, in the opinion of the author of this article, this tool is still as imperfect as the scissors would be imperfect, without the central screw uniting the two blades of this tool. This "cog" in dialectics is the fact that the "struggle" of opposites, which is the driving force behind the development of all processes of nature, is not absolute. "Struggle" is born when the dialectic system deviates from the state of equilibrium, and the goal of this "struggle" is to restore the lost equilibrium of the system.
Catalog: Philosophy 
123 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.

Click here to create your own personal collection

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)