Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

share the publication with friends & colleagues

L. K. YERMAN. Russia's Democratic Intelligentsia in the Revolution of 1905 - 1907

The article highlights the part played by Russia's democratic intelligentsia in the most important events of the Revolution of 1905 - 1907. Extensive work among diverse sections of democratic intellectuals was conducted by the Bolsheviks under V. I. Lenin's leadership. They spread their influence to a number of legally-functioning societies of democratic intellectuals and established a number of illegal and semi- legal professional organizations, including the Teachers' Union in St. Petersburg, the Technicians' Union in Moscow, etc. The Bolsheviks waged a consistent and uncompromising struggle against bourgeois liberals, who exerted a strong influence on a fairly large section of the intelligentsia. The author shows how ever wider sections of democratic intellectuals were joining the revolutionary movement under the impact of the struggle waged by the proletariat and the peasantry. The culminating point of the revolution was the armed uprising of the proletariat in December 1905. It was precisely at that time that the contradictions and polarization within the intellectual class reached their peak. The bourgeois-liberal upper crust of the intelligentsia openly sided with tsarism. The democratically-minded intellectuals, on the other hand, supported the proletariat and took part in the nation-wide political strike, while the most selfless intellectuals fought on the barricades side by side with armed workers. The most prominent and progressive-minded representatives of Russian culture, including such eminent writers and poets as Maxim Gorky, A. S. Serafimovich, Alexander Blok, N. G. Garin-Mikhailovsky, M. M. Kotsyubinsky, Lesya Ukrainka and Jan Rainis, sympathized with and supported the armed uprising. Artist S. V. Ivanov joined a detachment of armed workers, sculptors A. S. Golubkina and S. T. Konenkov fought on the barricades. The revolutionary events of 1905 - 1907 in Russia brilliantly confirmed Lenin's prediction that democratic intellectuals can, though not without wavering and vacillation, take the side of the main revolutionary forces - the proletariat and the peasantry-and become an active force in a democratic revolution.

B. N. TOPORNIN. The Historical Experience of the Multi-Party System in Czechoslovakia

The article examines certain aspects of the multi-party system existing in Czechoslovakia since the establishment of popular government. Drawing on his study of Czechoslovak materials, the author comes to the conclusion that the existence of one or several parties in any country depends on concrete historical conditions. The main prerequisites for the existence of a multi-party system in Czechoslovakia were such interconnected factors as the socially heterogeneous composition of society, the broad social base conducive to the struggle for socialism and democracy, and long- standing traditions of political life. Following the defeat of reaction in February 1948, the non-Communist parties purged their ranks of the Right elements and, developing the progressive traditions of the past, began to cooperate actively with the National Front on the basis of a common platform of socialist construction. The membership of these parties began to share actively in the solution of major economic and cultural tasks. Forming an integral part of the National Front, these parties systematically participate in the election of state bodies. Czechoslovakia's non-Communist parties play an exceptionally important part in strengthening the moral and political unity of the people.

A. S. KAHN. Norway's Foreign Policy During World War II

The article examines the specific features of Norway's neutrality in the prewar period and the Norwegian government's foreign policy at the different stages of World War II. Side by side with military and diplomatic activity, the author analyzes the foreign- policy concepts which originated in Norway's official circles under the influence of military experience. The author draws widely on various publications of Norwegian, Soviet, German, Swedish and American diplomatic documents, materials of the 1945 parliamentary investigation, the press and memoirs, as well as on certain materials from the U.S.S.R. Foreign Policy Archive. Criticizing a number of measures and decisions adopted by the Norwegian government before and after April 9, 1940, the author at the same time highlights the role played by Norwegian emigre leaders in repelling the fascist aggressors.

стр. 222

The author examines the principal changes in Norway's foreign-policy principles resulting from the war: recognition of the need to enhance the country's defence potential; all-round participation in the United Nations Organization as an antithesis of prewar isolationism; supplementing the traditional orientation on Britain by orientation on the U.S.A.; emphasizing in every way the importance of establishing new, friendly relations with the Soviet Union and the role of Norway and the other Scandinavian countries in bringing about a rapprochement between East and West. It is to be regretted that during the cold war period Norway's ruling element departed from some of these principles.

B. G. SAPOZHNIKOV and V. B. VORONTSOV. MacArthur's Memoirs

The article is devoted to the early postwar years - the period when Japan was occupied by the United States, when the efforts of American imperialism were directed towards forming an American-Japanese alliance, towards strengthening America's economic and political positions in that country. The chief architect of the American-Japanese alliance during that period was General MacArthur. In the postwar years, particularly after MacArthur's death in 1964, bourgeois historiography made no little effort to advertise the General's personality and activity. Noteworthy in this respect is the publication in the U.S. and Japan of MacArthur's memoirs, which are largely devoted to extolling the General's contribution to the regeneration of postwar Japan.

The authors of the article expose the highly tendentious character of the main part of the memoirs devoted to the American occupation of Japan. A certain degree of democratization of Japan's social life should be attributed not to MacArthur's effort and ability but to the persevering struggle waged by democratic and progressive forces in all countries, to the freedom-loving aspirations inspired in the consciousness of the peoples by the victories of the Allied Powers over the forces of fascism and reaction. If anything, MacArthur's headquarters did everything in its power to undermine and weaken the democratic trends in Japan's postwar society and made strenuous efforts to carry out measures designed to strengthen the capitalist system in the country...

M. A. BARG. Bourgeois Historiography on the Social Structure of Medieval Society

The author points out that the problem of the origin and development of the functional role of medieval aristocracy has been attracting the attention of medieval history researchers during the past twenty years. The interest in the problem is due to the fact that it has been inadequately investigated, as well as to the influence of the various elite theories that have become fairly widespread in the West of late. The article subjects to a critical analysis a series of works produced by French, Belgian, West- German, Austrian and Swiss historians. The author makes an attempt to single out the principal schools and trends of research in individual aspects of the problem, devoting particular attention to analyzing the schools led by M. Bloch, L. Verriest, G. Tellenbach and Th. Mayer. As distinct from the former, which substantiates the thesis of the elite as a social class newly arising at every stage of the medieval period, Messrs. Verriest and Balon proceed from the thesis of the hereditary and juridical character of the elite in the early medieval period, thereby erasing the boundaries of whole historical epochs and reducing the social history of the elite to a mere genealogy of a certain number of gentes. This school comes very close to Mayer's trend, which has substantiated the thesis on the dominant position held by the elite among the Germanic peoples and on the traditional succession of the Frankish aristocracy. Nevertheless, concrete research in the problem has enriched historical science with extensive new material.

T. Y. BURMISTROVA. The Concept of Nation-Certain Theoretical Questions

The author makes an attempt to elucidate the concept of nation by analyzing the definition of a nation given by J. V. Stalin in 1913, emphasizing its positive aspects and pointing to the need of its further development. The article sets forth the author's attitude to the works and monographs published in the course of the discussion. While essentially sharing the views of their authors on the economic, territorial and linguistic ties characteristic of a nation, T. Y. Burmistrova reveals her own understanding of the content of these ties and offers additional arguments in support of her thesis that the national character and national culture are important indications of a nation. The author believes that the term "national psychology" is unfounded and does not agree with those who regard the community of a nation's "psychological make-up" and statehood as indispensable characteristics of a socialist or any other nation.

In conclusion the author substantiates the correctness of the term "bourgeois nation" and stresses the need for a profound theoretical elaboration and definition of different types of nations: bourgeois nations, nations of the period of transition from capitalism to socialism, socialist nations, communist nations.

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-10-14

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 14.10.2017. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-10-14 (date of access: 18.10.2019).

Found source (search robot):



Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
196 views rating
14.10.2017 (734 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
In macroscopic reality, gravity is determined by mass. In microscopic reality, where the particle mass is practically zero, the rotational form of gravity acts. The rotational form of gravity is formed by means of rotating microparticles, which spin gravitational spheres around themselves, which, as in a whirlpool, attract microparticles to each other.
Catalog: Physics 
4 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The paper covers a model of generation of fundamental forces induced by neutrino interference with other particles. Neutrinos fill up vacuum and inter-vacuum space obtaining a long-range action. Fundamental binding “proton-neutrinoselectron” has been defined and its transformation under various conditions into atom of hydrogen or neutron is studied. The paper also considers structuring of nucleus and electron atomic shell. Electron is positioned on stationary shell creating intraatomic and interatomic forces. Fundamental forces are generated due to neutrinos interference of neutron, nucleon and atom. Proposed the impact of neutrinos on origin of gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Interrelation between gravitation and acts of nature is deemed as a hard proof that the Earth gravitation is a predominant fact in this cohesion. Neutrino flow pressuring towards the Earth center on its way is forming difference abnormal zones within atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. As a result we are exposed to such natural disasters as earthquakes, volcanoes and climatic changes. Sufficient energy to such acts may be released only due to gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Neutrino is considered the carrier of gravitation. Earth gravity is formed due to the central Earth core shielding all-penetrating neutrino flow. Neutrino penetrates the Earth interfering fusion reaction on the core surface of our planet and stops motion and pressuring. As consequence neutrino is facing gravity force forwarded to the center of our planet.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
A new theory of electricity is needed, first of all, because the modern theory of electricity is built on a conduction current that does not exist in nature. And this paradox is obvious even to schoolchildren who observe currents with negative and positive charges on oscilloscopes. The modern theory of electricity is not able to clearly explain many of the mysteries of electricity. This article explains some of the mysteries that the modern theory of electricity could not explain.
Catalog: Physics 
71 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The author of the article did not encounter a single source on the Meissner-Oxenfeld effect, where the version that this effect is explained by the presence of eddy currents in superconducting ceramics would be questioned. But, in the opinion of the author of the article, ceramics in such a state are surrounded by such gravitational fields, which, when cooled, turn into gravimagnetic fields, which, together with the gravimagnetic fields of the Earth, pull all the magnetic fields from the ceramics body.
Catalog: Physics 
93 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Two hundred years ago, Faraday received a current with negative and positive charges, which is distributed in the layer of ether adjacent to the conductor. The one who does not know this is not worth going into the theory of electricity. The discovery is based on the realization that in the theory of electricity there is no extraneous force, instead of which an electromotive force acts, formed by the difference in electrical potentials, between the zero potential of the conductor and the negative (or positive) potential of the current source. This difference in electrical potentials creates in the circuit the force of motion of the charges. The difference of electric potentials creates a force, which may well be called Coulomb force. And then it is not clear why it was necessary to invent an outside force.
Catalog: Physics 
162 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
215 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
229 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
229 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK