Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

share the publication with friends & colleagues

Y. M. GAMRETSKY, M. A. RUBACH and N. I. SUPRUNENKO, Corresponding Member, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian S.S.R. The Establishment of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

The article examines the socio-economic prerequisites and historical inevitability of the socialist revolution in the Ukraine, the efforts of the Ukrainian Bolshevik organizations to win over the majority of the Ukrainian working masses. It is graphically shown that the Bolshevik Party headed by V. I. Lenin was able to win the sympathies of the Ukrainian workers and peasants by its irreconcilable struggle against the Russian bourgeoisie and landowners. The victory of the Great October Revolution granted the Ukrainian people the right to political self-determination, to the establishment of their own republic.

The authors convincingly show that the First All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets, which proclaimed the Ukraine a Soviet Republic, expressed the urge of the broad Ukrainian masses to deliver themselves from oppression by overthrowing the exploiting classes and to establish a sovereign Ukrainian Soviet state. The military defeat of the nationalist Central Rada was preceded by its political defeat, by the catastrophic decline of its prestige and influence among the masses who learned from their own political experience that the Ukrainian nationalists were defending the capitalist system The victory of the socialist revolution delivered the Ukraine from the yoke of the capitalists and landlords and created the necessary conditions for an unprecedented development of its productive forces, for the building of a socialist society, for the rapid progress of Ukrainian socialist national culture.

S. O. SCHMIDT. Certain Aspects of Research in the Agrarian History of 16th-century Russia

The article examines a number of methodological and methodical problems connected with research in the agrarian history of 16th-century Russia. The author briefly surveys the latest historical works devoted to this subject and characterizes the available historical sources, pointing out that only a few, and in many cases casual, sources have been preserved, which, moreover, are marked by extremely uneven geographical and chronological distribution. This especially applies to sources characterizing different-type possessions and landed estates. When comparing the data furnished by such sources, it is necessary strictly to determine the degree of their typicality, the possibilities they offer for a comparative study and extension of these observations to other parts of the country, other types of estates and other periods of the 16th century. Particular attention is devoted by the author to the problem of "general" and "specific" in the agrarian history of 16th-century Russia. Russia's agrarian history in the 16th century is veiwed in comparison with developments in the agrarian history of the preceding and subsequent centuries, as well as with the various phenomena in the agrarian history of other countries. The author formulates the immediate tasks of research in the sphere of agrarian-history and proposes a number of organizational measures facilitating the achievement of these tasks.

A. N. KRASILNIKOV. The Soviet Union's Struggle Against Colonialism and Its Falsification by Bourgeois Ideologists

The article is devoted to an analysis of the methods resorted to by bourgeois historiography in its efforts to present in a highly tendentious and distorted light the Soviet Union's struggle against colonialism. The author exposes the most widespread allegation concerning the supposedly "aggressive" intentions harboured by the Soviet Union against Afro-Asian and Latin-American countries, graphically showing the futility of the attempts made by unscrupulous bourgeois ideologists to attribute the rapid development of the national-liberation movement and the steady weakening of the positions of the colonial powers on all continents after the second world war to Soviet interference in

стр. 221

the internal affairs of other countries. The article effectively exposes the persistent attempts of bourgeois ideologists to distort the aims and purposes of the assistance rendered by the Soviet Union to the peoples of developing and dependent countries in their struggle against imperialist aggression, against the export of counter-revolution to these countries. The article is based not only on extensive factual data, foreign policy documents and materials furnished by the CPSU and the Soviet government, but also on the pronouncements and opinions expressed by many sober-minded representatives of bourgeois historiography who sincerely desire to gain a clear understanding of the Leninist principles underlying Soviet foreign policy and of the complex international problems of our time.

A. N. CHISTOZVONOV. The Genesis of Absolutism: Certain Aspects of the Problem

The article contains a brief historiographic introduction characterizing the state of research into the problem of absolutism in Soviet historiography and pointing to the existence of essential differences in the treatment of the historical peculiarities and factors which gave rise to absolute monarchy. The existing definitions are marked by their highly contradictory character and, in a number of cases, run counter to historical facts. This is explained by the following reasons: on the one hand, they are excessively sociological in character; on the other, their formulation is based not on a complex examination of the problems of absolutism but on singling out and generalizing its individual, albeit very important, aspects. For one thing, no importance is attached to such essential aspects as the external and internal political situation, the struggle within the feudal class, the development of political and legal institutions, etc. The author proposes to examine the problem of absolutism as a componen part of the global problem of the genesis of capitalism in Europe in all its complexity and mulitiformity, giving due consideration both to direct and reflected influences, to the forms engendered by spontaneous bourgeois development and to the reception and adaptation of the forms engendered by this development by the feudal reactionary forces with the aim of defending the basis of feudalism. This provides the basis for defining absolutism in general, as well as for defining two of its principal types which essentially differ from each other. The key to the proper understanding of the problem of absolutism, in the author's view, should be sought not in evolving a one-sided universal formula applicable to all cases but in elaborating a complex conception with a certain degree of differentiation of diverse criteria and definitions.

M. A. KISSEL. Critical Philsophy of History in Great Britain.

The development of British historicism is connected with two eminen figures: F. H. Bradley and R. G. Collingwood. Bradley's "Presuppositions of critical history" was the first historical manifestation of the theoretical position of historicism. Collingwood's "The Idea of History" is the most mature expression of the same position including and combining the theses of different philosophical origin from W. Dilthey, B. Croce and neo-Kantians. Collingwoods's theoretical failure appears to be the necessary consequence of his idealistic prejudices and philosophical eclecticism. But the positive significance of this line of thought consists in posing some important problems concerning the peculiarities of historical thought and its method, the verification of historical propositions and epistemo-logical basis of history as a science. These problems must be (and partially are) resolved by Marxist-Leninist theoretical thought.

K. S. SABIROV and V. M. ZAICHENKO. The Community of Psychic Make- Up as an Essential Indication of a Nation

The article continues the discussion of the basic problems involved in the theoretical definition of the concept of nation. The authors' attention is focussed on defining the real content of the spiritual characteristic of a nation. They critically examine the views of those participants in the discussion who maintain that "the community of the psychic make-up of a nation" cannot be regarded as a basic indication of a nation. The article closely analyzes the correlation of such concepts as "the psychic make-up of a nation" and "the spiritual make-up of a nation", "the psychic make-up of a nation" and "national character", national peculiarities and international psychic community of nations, class features and national elements, etc. The authors disclose the multiformity of concepts comprising the community of the psychic make-up of a nation.

стр. 222

N. I. PAVLENKO. Concerning the History of the Zemski Sobor ("Assembly of the Country") in the 16th Century

The article discusses certain genera! problems of the formation in Russia of a representative social-estate monarchy in the 16th century. The author's attention, however, is chiefly devoted to a critical analysis of the arguments put forward by certain Soviet historians to substantiate the view that a large number of the Zernski Sobors were convoked in the Russian state during the 16th century.

Russian historiography of the pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods gives a lucid and, in the author's opinion, essentially correct definition of the Zemski Sobor as an institution consisting of the boyar duma, the council of the Church hierarchy and representatives of the zemstvo (gentry and townsfolk). Proceeding from this criterion, Russian historians generally agreed that three (or four, according to certain authors) Zemski Sobors were convoked in the 16th century. .In the recent period, however, information was published about 12 new Zemski Sobors, and there appeared a tendency to regard any meeting called by the government to discuss different issues as a Zemski Sobor.

A close analysis of the arguments and sources concerning the convocation of the newly discovered Zemski Sobors has enabled N. I. Pavlenko to draw the conclusion that in the majority of cases these arguments are untenable. Only in a few cases they have the significance of a working hypothesis which requires more convincing argumentation for its recognition as an historical fact.

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-10-10-10

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 10.10.2017. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-MAJOR-ARTICLES-2017-10-10-10 (date of access: 25.03.2019).

Found source (search robot):



Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
196 views rating
10.10.2017 (531 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
8 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
22 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
22 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory. But it was criticism at the level of emotions. Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
Catalog: Physics 
29 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Awareness of man himself, the birth of the human “I” occurred through a qualitative leap in the process of evolution of the population of brain giants, which appeared as a result of crossing Homo sapiens with Neanderthals.
Catalog: Science 
31 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
istory make the masses. But the masses are ruled by leaders. The influence of an individual on the development of social processes is the greater, the greater the influence this personality has on the consciousness of individuals, as well as on the social consciousness of groups, classes and nations. The formula of Marx's social progress — the developing productive forces of society outgrow their production relations, throw them off and give birth to new ones — true, but only with Lenin's amendment: man is the main productive force of humanity.
Catalog: Psychology 
31 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The fundamental difference between a herd of animals and a human society is the presence of social laws formed by the consciousness of people in human society. Anthroposociogenesis is the process of forming into the consciousness of hominids of social laws, through the indefinite and combinational variability of genotypes with the elimination of those hominids that are not capable of subjecting their activity to laws.
Catalog: Science 
31 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Comparing all that is united by the concept of "mine" with all that is united by the concept of "not mine" the concept of "I" is born. Here begins the development of the individual consciousness of modern man, here began the development and individual consciousness of fossil people. It also began its development and public power, which initially could not have any other form, as soon as the form of protection of a mother who realized her motherhood to her children. Both individual consciousness and public power originate in the form of legal consciousness, and, first of all, in the form of awareness of the issues of belonging of certain objects to certain individuals, that is, in the form of awareness of the concepts "mine is not mine", "my child is not my child".
Catalog: Psychology 
31 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Dialectics is often called the tool of knowledge of nature. But, in the opinion of the author of this article, this tool is still as imperfect as the scissors would be imperfect, without the central screw uniting the two blades of this tool. This "cog" in dialectics is the fact that the "struggle" of opposites, which is the driving force behind the development of all processes of nature, is not absolute. "Struggle" is born when the dialectic system deviates from the state of equilibrium, and the goal of this "struggle" is to restore the lost equilibrium of the system.
Catalog: Philosophy 
32 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, studying the physiological process, which he called the conditioned reflex, suggested that this process is the basis for the formation of mental reactions of all living organisms, including the thinking process of a human of a modern species. But, in our opinion, the human thinking process of the modern species is based not on one, but on four types of conditioned reflexes.
Catalog: Psychology 
33 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK