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G. Y. TARLE. Soviet Public Organizations' International Activity at the Present Stage

The article examines the main directions and forms of activity carried on by Soviet public organizations in the international arena. The author shows the extent to which diverse public organizations participate in this activity, focussing attention on their close co-operation in the fight for peace. The activity of the progressive public organizations in this field is viewed in the article as one of the chief factors influencing the contemporary international situation. The author highlights the international activity of the Soviet trade unions and other mass public organizations as well as of the Union of Soviet Societies for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, the Soviet Peace Committee, the Committee of Soviet Women, etc.

V. N. SERGEYEV. The First Congress of Soviets Convoked by the Don Republic

The article describes the political and organizational work required for the convocation of the first Congress of Soviets in the Don Republic. Held in Rostov-on- Don from April 9 to 14, 1918, this Congress approved the home and foreign policy of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian Federation. It embodied the power of the working masses from the various social estates, whose attitude to each other had been marked by open hostility in the past, but which finally overcame their animosity and united in the struggle against the exploiters. The Bolsheviks in the Don Region formed an alliance with the Left-wing Socialist-Revolutionaries following the latter's withdrawal from the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian Federation, which confirms the willingness of the Communist Party to co-operate with them in the interests of consolidating the rule of the working people, bearing in mind that the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries exerted much influence on the peasantry and the toiling Cossacks during that period.

V. S. ANTONOV. The Northern Union of Russian Workers: Certain Aspects of Its Organization

Proceeding from his analysis of diverse materials (reminiscences of direct participants in the working-class movement and eyewitness accounts by intellectual- revolutionaries), the author shows the systematic growth of the class consciousness of the more advanced Russian workers, their desire to form their own organization. Starting from the workers' circles organized in St. Petersburg in 1873 - 1874, through the library fund, the resistance fund and the workers' "federation" founded in the winter months of 1876 - 1877, runs the unbroken line to the Northern Union of Russian Workers formed in December 1878 - such is the conclusion drawn by the author of this article.

S. M. MONIN. Soviet-Indian Relations in the 1970's

The article traces the development of Soviet-Indian relations in the 1970's. The author shows the prerequisites, the basic content and significance of the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Co-operation concluded between the U.S.S.R. and India in 1971, illustrating the role of the top-level negotiations for the progress of bilateral relations. The article analyzes the co-operation of the two countries in strengthening universal peace and security. The author makes a point of stressing that friendly relations between the U.S.S.R. and India accord with the interests of their peoples and graphically demonstrate the fruitfulness and mutual benefit accruing from co- operation of the socialist and developing countries; they provide a brilliant example of how the principles of peaceful co-existence can be practically implemented.

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[A. N. KRASILNIKOV.] Britain's Diplomatic Service in the Postwar Period

The article examines the organizational reforms effected in the diplomatic service of Great Britain in the period from the end of the second world war to the present time. The author arrives at the conclusion that British imperialism and its diplomatic headquarters - the Foreign Office - are making efforts to adapt themselves to the changing world situation. However, the reforms proved powerless to protect British diplomacy from discomfitures and failures stemming from the crisis of British capitalism, the adventuristic policy pursued by the British ruling circles, rabid anti- Sovietism and anti-communism.

V. V. POKHLEBKIN. The Scandinavian Region (the International Position in the Past and at the Present Time)

The Scandinavian region is one of the oldest and most stable regional formations in Europe. The reasons for such regional stability should be sought primarily in the ethnic community and linguistic propinquity of the peoples inhabiting the Scandinavian countries, the identity of their socio-economic structure and geographical isolation. The changes that occurred in the international position of this region are connected with two factors: the internal socio-political and economic development of the Scandinavian countries and the all-European external political situation. The author traces the changes in the region's international position from the 10th century to our days.



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