Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

Libmonster ID: COM-206

share the publication with friends & colleagues

Academician M. V. NECHKINA. The Decembrists' Role in the World-Historic Process

The main slogans of the Decembrist movement-the abolition of serfdom and the overthrow of the autocracy (absolutism)-were determined by the development of the world-historic process: the shackling feudal dependence of the peasant on his landlord and the absolute monarchy already outlived their day and were toppling under the impact of the revolutionary struggle in a whole number of countries which were embarking on the road of capitalist development during that period. Examining the gradual spread of this process in many European and American countries, the author defines the place held in it by the Decembrists' uprising in Russia, tracing their connections with the general movement of world history and their close study of its experience. The article highlights the Decembrists' independent analysis of the uprisings and revolutions of their time, their criticism of sporadic manifestations of protest in Western Europe and America, their sober appraisal and careful account of advanced experience. The author makes a detailed analysis of the Decembrists' own evaluation of the world-historic process of that period, when, as the Decembrist P. I. Pestel aptly put it, "one and the same picture could be observed all over the European continent,... when the spirit of change, so to say, revolutionized the minds everywhere."

R. G. EIMONTOVA. Soviet Publications of Sources Relating to the History of the Decembrist Movement

The article briefly surveys the most important publications of the various sources pertaining to the Decembrist theme, which appeared during the Soviet period. Particular attention is devoted by the author to the many-volume edition entitled "The Decembrist Uprising" (Vols. 1 - 13), which contains criminal investigation materials relating to the participants in the movement condemned by the Supreme Criminal Court-the basic documentary complex on the problem. The survey briefly describes a number of Soviet publications containing programmatic and agitation-propaganda documents belonging to clandestine societies, the writings of individual Decembrists, their epistolary heritage, diaries and reminiscences, as well as multivarious notes and letters by contemporaries about the events of December 14, 1825, the mutiny in the Chernigov Regiment, icono-graphic materials, chrestomathies and bibliographic reference books on the Decembrist movement.

V. L. ISRAELYAN. The Soviet Union and the Founding of the United Nations Organization

The author sheds light on the diplomatic negotiations preceding the adoption on June 26, 1945, of the U. N. Charter at the conference in San Francisco, illustrating the prominent part played by the U.S.S.R in the founding of this international organization for the maintenance and strengthening of universal peace and security, and characterizing the positions adopted by the governments of the U.S.A. and Great Britain. The materials contained in the article graphically confirm that the attitude of the U.S.S.R. to the idea of establishing such an organization directly followed from the principles underlying Soviet foreign policy, notably the provision that the threat of another war can be averted only by the collective efforts of all the peace-loving forces. Particular attention is devoted by the author to the conferences at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington) and in San Francisco, which became major landmarks in the process of formulating the Charter and establishing the United Nations Organization which has made and continues to make a useful contribution to the cause of strengthening world peace, to the solution of urgent and pressing international problems.

S. V. OBOLENSKAYA. The Franco-Prussian War of 1870 - 1871 and Bourgeois Public Opinion in the German States

The article examines the role of bourgeois public opinion in the German states during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 - 1871. By and large, bourgeois public opinion in the German states created a favourable atmosphere for the unification of Germany by "iron and blood". While reflecting the urgent need for national unity, it at the same time clearly

стр. 222


manifested the utterly reactionary views shared by the bourgeois circles. The only force that put forward a concrete programme of struggle for a just solution of the question of war and peace, for the country's unification based on democratic principles in those years was the Social-Democratic Party which followed the recommendations and directions of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels - the universally recognized leaders of the international working-class movement.

N. A. BORTNIK. The Medieval City-States in Europe

The author makes a point of stressing that the peculiarity of the feudal basis determined the emergence of monarchies and republics in the shape of city-states. Founded in the process of the class struggle, the city- state from its very inception had a clearly expressed class character: the dominant power in it was wielded by a minority (patricians). The chief function of the city-state was the oppression by this minority of the overwhelming majority of its citizens and the suppression of their resistance. The class character of its policy was also graphically manifested in its struggle against the nobility and in its striving to liberate the peasants, while at the same time subjecting them to brutal exploitation. One of the aspects of the class policy pursued by the city-state was its struggle against the clergy. The city-states testify to the existence under the feudal system, side by side with the monarchy as the prevailing form of state, of some other state formations differing in their class essence and form. In contradistinction to the monarchy, which can be abolished only in the process of liquidating the feudal system, the city-state, as a rule, begins to decline and disintegrates much earlier.

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-ARTICLES-2017-12-03-11

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 03.12.2017. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-ARTICLES-2017-12-03-11 (date of access: 18.10.2019).

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
175 views rating
03.12.2017 (684 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
In macroscopic reality, gravity is determined by mass. In microscopic reality, where the particle mass is practically zero, the rotational form of gravity acts. The rotational form of gravity is formed by means of rotating microparticles, which spin gravitational spheres around themselves, which, as in a whirlpool, attract microparticles to each other.
Catalog: Physics 
4 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The paper covers a model of generation of fundamental forces induced by neutrino interference with other particles. Neutrinos fill up vacuum and inter-vacuum space obtaining a long-range action. Fundamental binding “proton-neutrinoselectron” has been defined and its transformation under various conditions into atom of hydrogen or neutron is studied. The paper also considers structuring of nucleus and electron atomic shell. Electron is positioned on stationary shell creating intraatomic and interatomic forces. Fundamental forces are generated due to neutrinos interference of neutron, nucleon and atom. Proposed the impact of neutrinos on origin of gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Interrelation between gravitation and acts of nature is deemed as a hard proof that the Earth gravitation is a predominant fact in this cohesion. Neutrino flow pressuring towards the Earth center on its way is forming difference abnormal zones within atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. As a result we are exposed to such natural disasters as earthquakes, volcanoes and climatic changes. Sufficient energy to such acts may be released only due to gravitation.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
Neutrino is considered the carrier of gravitation. Earth gravity is formed due to the central Earth core shielding all-penetrating neutrino flow. Neutrino penetrates the Earth interfering fusion reaction on the core surface of our planet and stops motion and pressuring. As consequence neutrino is facing gravity force forwarded to the center of our planet.
Catalog: Physics 
68 days ago · From Ualikhan Adayev
A new theory of electricity is needed, first of all, because the modern theory of electricity is built on a conduction current that does not exist in nature. And this paradox is obvious even to schoolchildren who observe currents with negative and positive charges on oscilloscopes. The modern theory of electricity is not able to clearly explain many of the mysteries of electricity. This article explains some of the mysteries that the modern theory of electricity could not explain.
Catalog: Physics 
71 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The author of the article did not encounter a single source on the Meissner-Oxenfeld effect, where the version that this effect is explained by the presence of eddy currents in superconducting ceramics would be questioned. But, in the opinion of the author of the article, ceramics in such a state are surrounded by such gravitational fields, which, when cooled, turn into gravimagnetic fields, which, together with the gravimagnetic fields of the Earth, pull all the magnetic fields from the ceramics body.
Catalog: Physics 
93 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Two hundred years ago, Faraday received a current with negative and positive charges, which is distributed in the layer of ether adjacent to the conductor. The one who does not know this is not worth going into the theory of electricity. The discovery is based on the realization that in the theory of electricity there is no extraneous force, instead of which an electromotive force acts, formed by the difference in electrical potentials, between the zero potential of the conductor and the negative (or positive) potential of the current source. This difference in electrical potentials creates in the circuit the force of motion of the charges. The difference of electric potentials creates a force, which may well be called Coulomb force. And then it is not clear why it was necessary to invent an outside force.
Catalog: Physics 
162 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
215 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
229 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
229 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK