Libmonster is the largest world open library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

Libmonster ID: COM-78

share the publication with friends & colleagues

E. S. SHERSHNEV. Soviet-American Economic Relations Have Entered a New Stage

The article examines the development of Soviet-American economic relations in the new stage ushered in by the Moscow negotiations held in May 1972 between General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev and President Richard M. Nixon. Analyzing the specific features of the period under review, the author points out that they are characterized by the fulfilment by both sides of their agreement on the principles of peaceful co-existence, the conclusion of bilateral agreements, achieving a fivefold increase in the volume of reciprocal trade, putting Soviet-American relations in the commercial, credit, scientific and technical spheres on a long-term basis, and the extension of business meetings and contacts at all levels. Considerable attention is devoted in the article to evaluating the prospects of Soviet-American economic relations and pinpointing the difficulties that have still to be overcome in this respect.

The article substantiates the view that the ideological differences existing between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. cannot and should not hamper the development of mutually beneficial economic co- operation.

L. G. BESKROVNY, Academician A. L. NAROCHNITSKY. Concerning the History of Russia's 19th-century Foreign Policy in the Far East

The article traces the process of assimilating and developing the sparsely populated and ungoverned lands in Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Alaska and the Aleutian Islands by the Russian people in the 17th-19th centuries, as well as the formation of frontiers with China (in the period of the Ching dynasty). Japan and the U.S.A. The most salient distinctive feature of Russia's 19th-century foreign policy .in the East was the desire to establish good- neighbourly relations with these countries, which found reflection in the conclusion of bilateral treaties regulating their political and economic relations. Considerable attention is given by the author to examining the interconnection between Russia's foreign policy in Europe and Asia.

Y. P. BOKAREV. Budget Surveys of the Peasant Farms in the 1920's

Budget surveys of the peasant farms (peasant family budgets) in the 1920's is one of the most important but inadequately investigated sources highlighting the socio-economic history of the Soviet peasantry. The article traces the main range of the peasant budgets, characterizes the activity of the research centres which carried out budget surveys, the chief methods of collecting and processing the data obtained, the state of the archive funds and the specific features of publications, and analyzes the programmes of the most important surveys.

Y. S. NOVOPASHIN. Against Falsification of the Theory and Practice of Socialist Construction

The author analyzes some of the anti-communist concepts whose basic aim is to discredit contemporary socialism by claiming that it does not accord with Marxist-Leninist theory. Such attempts, which are most frequently based on the arbitrary interpretation of Marxism-Leninism, consist, as a rule, in "criticizing" really existing socialism as the first phase of the communist formation by applying to it the criteria of the second, highest phase of communism. The article also subjects to a critical analysis the anti- communist thesis on the multiplicity of "models" of socialism, demonstrating the utter futility of the attempts made by our ideological enemies to gloss over the fundamental difference between the objectively necessary form of socialism and its opportunist distortions. The

стр. 221


concluding part of the article discloses the speculative nature of anti-communist forecasts concerning the future development of the member-countries of the socialist community which are building and perfecting mature socialism.

R. L. SABSOVICH. The Split Engineered in the French Trade Union Movement

After the second world war the progressive trend gained the upper hand in the General Confederation of Labour (CGT), France's biggest and most influential trade union centre. The CQT successfully championed the fundamental working-class interests, democracy and the country's national independence. This policy could not but encounter sharp attacks from the enemies of the working class. The reformist elements within the GOT, Solidly supported by Rigth-wing Socialists and America's reactionary trade union leaders, engineered a split in the leading trade union centre and set up a new reactionary organization called Force Ouvriere, thereby seriously weakening the working-class positions and facilitating the offensive launched by the reactionary forces. At the present stage the policy of united action by all trade unions irrespective of their political orientation is becoming more pronounced. This policy objectively makes for closer unity of the working class and all the Left forces and is an essential condition of future victories in the struggle against the monopolies and the reactionary elements.

N. V. OSIPOVA. The Zionist Lobby in the American Congress

Taking the activity of U.S. Congress as an example, the author examines the various aspects of the influence exerted by American Zionists on the Administration's Middle East policy. The article describes in detail the forms and methods employed by the Zionists to exert pressure on Congressmen for the purpose of establishing a pro-Israeli coalition in U.S. Congress. Analyzing the composition of this coalition, the author makes a point of stressing that it consists in the main of the representatives of military- industrial circles which are resolutely opposed to any relaxation of international tension.

A. I. NEMIROVSKY. Polybius as an Historian

Drawing on the achievements of scientific thought in the epoch of Hellenism, Polybius made an attempt to comprehend and interpret the historical process. His approach to the objective facts of social being can be called theoretical. He evolved the teaching of causality and applied it in studying the root causes of the wars fought in his time, thus endeavouring to discover the one simple and obvious cause of war. The existing state system, man's natural environment and the individual endowed with a clear understanding of the possibilities latent in him were regarded by Polybius as the most important factors of the historical process. The eminent Greek historian came out against overestimating the role of fate, limiting its influence to the sphere of the unknown and not dependent on the conscious activity of man. The era of the final collapse of the city-states and the establishment of Roman domination in which Polybius lived enabled him to rise to the theoretical conception of history as a sphere of scientific knowledge. Polybius surpassed all ancient historians in the profound understanding of and conscious attitude to his tasks, the close study of historical sources and the persistent efforts to grasp the meaning of the historical process, but for all that his historical conception is stamped with idealism.

Orphus

© libmonster.com

Permanent link to this publication:

http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-ARTICLES-2017-10-14-3

Similar publications: LRussia LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Libmonster OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: http://libmonster.com/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES // London: Libmonster (LIBMONSTER.COM). Updated: 14.10.2017. URL: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/SUMMARIES-OF-ARTICLES-2017-10-14-3 (date of access: 17.06.2019).

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Publisher
Libmonster Online
New-York, United States
230 views rating
14.10.2017 (611 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes

Keywords
Related Articles
The first thing that inspired me to this discovery is the shock that the researchers of superconductivity experience. And this is understandable. If the conduction current is formed by free electrons, then why does superconductivity increase when free electrons practically disappear, freezing to atoms. Secondly, this is the obstinacy of the Russian scientist, Dr. Fedyukin Veniamin Konstantinovich, who doubted that superconductivity exists. He writes: “Proceeding from the general scientific, ideological position and practice that there is opposition to every action and there is resistance to any movement, it can be argued that resistance and electric current along the conductor should be. Therefore, the so-called "superconductivity" electric current is not, and can not be. "
Catalog: Physics 
39 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
According to our hypothesis, the conversion of electrons and positrons into each other occurs by replacing the charge motion vector with the opposite vector. This is explained by the fact that all elements of the electron's magnetoelectric system are opposite to all elements of the positron's magnetoelectric system. And this opposite is determined by the vector of their movement in space. Therefore, it is only necessary to change the motion vector of one of the charges to the opposite vector, so immediately this charge turns into its antipode.
Catalog: Physics 
92 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
ПОДВИГ В ХОДЕ ЭВАКУАЦИИ
Catalog: Military science 
106 days ago · From Libmonster Online
The article gives my short life story with a list of my discoveries. May the terrible moralists forgive me, I call these hypotheses discoveries because their logical connectedness and conformity with the materialistic dialectic of thinking does not allow to doubt that truth has been found here.
Catalog: Philosophy 
106 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
I wrote this article when I was 33, and I, who did not understand anything in physics, but who had logical thinking, were outraged by those alogisms and paradoxes that flowed from Einstein’s logic of relativity theory. But it was criticism at the level of emotions. Now, when I began to think a little bit in physics, and when I discovered the law of the difference of gravitational potentials, and based on it I built a five-dimensional frame of reference, it is now possible to prove the inaccuracy of Einstein’s theory of relativity at the level of physical laws.
Catalog: Physics 
113 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Awareness of man himself, the birth of the human “I” occurred through a qualitative leap in the process of evolution of the population of brain giants, which appeared as a result of crossing Homo sapiens with Neanderthals.
Catalog: Science 
115 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
istory make the masses. But the masses are ruled by leaders. The influence of an individual on the development of social processes is the greater, the greater the influence this personality has on the consciousness of individuals, as well as on the social consciousness of groups, classes and nations. The formula of Marx's social progress — the developing productive forces of society outgrow their production relations, throw them off and give birth to new ones — true, but only with Lenin's amendment: man is the main productive force of humanity.
Catalog: Psychology 
115 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
The fundamental difference between a herd of animals and a human society is the presence of social laws formed by the consciousness of people in human society. Anthroposociogenesis is the process of forming into the consciousness of hominids of social laws, through the indefinite and combinational variability of genotypes with the elimination of those hominids that are not capable of subjecting their activity to laws.
Catalog: Science 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Comparing all that is united by the concept of "mine" with all that is united by the concept of "not mine" the concept of "I" is born. Here begins the development of the individual consciousness of modern man, here began the development and individual consciousness of fossil people. It also began its development and public power, which initially could not have any other form, as soon as the form of protection of a mother who realized her motherhood to her children. Both individual consciousness and public power originate in the form of legal consciousness, and, first of all, in the form of awareness of the issues of belonging of certain objects to certain individuals, that is, in the form of awareness of the concepts "mine is not mine", "my child is not my child".
Catalog: Psychology 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov
Dialectics is often called the tool of knowledge of nature. But, in the opinion of the author of this article, this tool is still as imperfect as the scissors would be imperfect, without the central screw uniting the two blades of this tool. This "cog" in dialectics is the fact that the "struggle" of opposites, which is the driving force behind the development of all processes of nature, is not absolute. "Struggle" is born when the dialectic system deviates from the state of equilibrium, and the goal of this "struggle" is to restore the lost equilibrium of the system.
Catalog: Philosophy 
116 days ago · From Gennady Tverdohlebov

ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Libmonster ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBMONSTER.COM is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK